Harmonizing to Franklin, everything could be explained logically or through scientific enquiries. He set out to turn out this in legion ways ; possibly the most celebrated is his kite experiment. Franklin was determined to separate that lightening was simply electricity, non a signifier of God ‘s wrath. He successfully did so by winging a kite in an electrical storm, turn outing the “ Sameness of the Electric Matter with that of Lightning wholly demonstrated. ” ( Franklin, 43 ) . The Puritans thought every small thing that occurred was by God ‘s making. When a catastrophe struck, they attributed it to God ‘s almighty control. Mary Rowlandson, a Puritan adult female who had been captured by Indians, saw her catastrophes as Providence, an intercession by God himself. Franklin did, nevertheless, acknowledge the thought of Providence but did non use it to mundane life, stating “ aˆ¦Providence, or some guardian angel, preserved me, thro ‘ this unsafe clip of young person, and the risky state of affairss I was sometimes in ” ( Franklin, 29 ) .

The Puritans and Franklin shared the belief that people should be virtuous throughout life. Franklin attempted to accomplish moral flawlessness by populating “ aˆ¦without perpetrating any mistake at any clip ” ( Franklin, 32 ) . He thought one should be virtuous for his or her ain interest, non to go righteous, saying it is “ everyone ‘s involvement to be virtuous who wish ‘d to be happy ” ( Franklin, 35 ) . Franklin wished to be good non to laud God, but instead to break himself for personal addition. He so created a list of 13 virtuousnesss: moderation, silence, order, declaration, frugalness, industry, earnestness, justness, moderateness, cleanliness, repose, celibacy, and humbleness. Perfection was to be achieved after get the hanging each accomplishment one at a clip. Franklin, though ne’er geting at flawlessness, was “ aˆ¦a better and happier adult male that I otherwise should hold been if I had non attempted it ” ( Franklin, 34 ) . Puritans agreed that work forces should endeavor to be the best they could be, and try to populate by a moral codification of kinds. Out of Franklin ‘s 13 virtuousnesss, humbleness was possibly the most of import. In all they did, Puritans wished to copy Jesus. John Dane thought he had failed God because he “ aˆ¦could non function God as I should ” ( Dane, 11 ) . The idea that he had failed to copy Jesus ‘ manner of life was so intolerable, it drove him to contemplate self-destruction. Mary Rowlandson sought comfort through bible Bibles, using them to her daily battle as an Indian prisoner. When she forgot a Sabbath, she excessively thought she deserved to decease, stating “ it was easie for me to see how righteous it was with God to cut off the yarn of my life ” ( Rowlandson, 15 ) . Both Dane and Rowlandson believed they had fallen short of lauding God, and their wickednesss were heavy plenty that decease was a sensible penalty.

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Franklin did non believe in miracles. For a miracle to happen, God would hold to straight interfere with worlds ‘ life, which he thought did non go on. In his eyes, God did n’t step in in the early life of worlds ; God was similar to that of a clocksmith, who made the universe and allow it run on its ain. Puritans, on the other manus, knew without a uncertainty God intervened in day-to-day life. They would impute even the smallest happening as God ‘s making, taking every action in their life as a mark from their Godhead. John Dane spoken often of providence- the thought that God would step in when necessary to steer you through life. After jumping church, for case, Dane was stung by a WASP. He took this as a direct effect of God ‘s wrath, stating “ [ I knew ] God would happen me out ” ( Dane 6 ) . When kidnapped, Mary Rowlandson prayed to God for a mark meaning hope and alleviation and “ so rapidly the Lord answered, in some step, my hapless supplications ” ( Rowlandson, 16 ) . Her boy so came up to her during imprisonment, and upon seeing his safety, Rowlandson “ took this to be some gracious reply to my earnest and genuine desire ” ( Rowlandson, 16 ) .

Many Puritans believed God ‘s love was reinforced through tests and trials. Through disturbing experiences, one knew God was implementing tough love. Mary Rowlandson was kidnapped by Indians, saw her household and friends die, and suffered for 11 hebdomads. Even through the grief and desperation, she saw this as a good mark: God cared for her. He cared plenty that he spared her life in the initial Indian foray and after- marks Mary could n’t disregard. “ In this hurt the Lord gave me the experience of truth and goodness ” ( Rowlandson, 19 ) . Affliction by the custodies of God was what Mary Rowlandson and John Dane longed for. “ For whom the Lord loveth he chastenethaˆ¦ Affliction I wanted and affliction I hadaˆ¦it is good for me that I have been afflicted. ” ( Rowlandson, 20 ) . They believed God makes those destined for Eden suffer, to convey them closer to God. In John Dane ‘s instance, even as a small male child he endured trials from God. When sewing up a brace of bloomerss, he found a piece of gold in the liner and intended to maintain it. However, he could non maintain it because God knew of it, and he “ took notice of God ‘s goodness in so giving me keeping grace ” ( Dane, 7 ) . His house burned down in 1661- an intercession that provided wagess disguised in the initial agony. The fire “ pleased God to stir up the bosom of my loving friends ” , and allowed John to turn stronger spiritually. Besides, his stock of swine fattened well after eating the burned maize, supplying great net income ( Dane, 12 ) .

At an early age, Franklin believed that nil could perchance be incorrect in the universe since God was all-good and hence could non do ‘evil ‘ occur. He states that “ If He is all-good, whatsoever He does must be goodaˆ¦It will be said, possibly, that God permits evil Actions to be done, for wise Ends and intents. But this expostulation destroys itself ; for whatever an boundlessly good God hath wise Ends in enduring to be, must be good, is thereby made good, and can non be otherwise ” ( Franklin, 27 ) . In other words, what is to be perceived as a lesson from God is non, since God can non make bad things. The Puritans believed people are put through tests and trials to larn a lesson, but Franklin found this to be untrue because God did non let barbarous things to go on. Franklin subsequently recanted this statement, stating “ I began to surmise that this philosophy, Tho ‘ it might be true, was non really utile ” ( Franklin, 29 ) . He began to understand the drawbacks of sing society as holding no clear distinguish between good and evil, but still did non alter his ideas.

Franklin quotes God as being “ all-wise, all-good, all powerful ” ( Franklin 26 ) . He takes this into consideration to establish his claims that if he is all powerful, so no 1 can move in the universe without his authorization. If God is all-good and everything goes through Him, so there can be no immorality. The Puritans disagreed. Mankind was viewed as of course evil, based on the construct of natural wickedness. Because Adam and Eve originally sinned, persons born after automatically inherit a iniquitous nature. In other words, when life base on ballss from them to all of their posterities, so does the construct of original wickedness.

When it came to beliefs about what occurred after physical decease, the Puritans and Benjamin Franklin keep distinguishable oppositional positions. Throughout life, Franklin believed hurting of course produces pleasance, doing the two balanced. Therefore, there was no demand for an hereafter, since life itself was absolutely balanced. He believed in reincarnation/resurrection, stating “ Upon decease, the thoughts contained in the encephalon cease to believe or actaˆ¦nevertheless, it is impossible that this same module of contemplating thoughts may be hereinafter united to a new organic structure, and have a new set of thoughts ” ( Franklin, 29 ) . Franklin did non believe that God would continually fling 1000000s of heads and travel to the changeless problem of doing new 1s, instead ; he was recycle them in other physical organic structures. The Puritans, nevertheless, believed in a Eden and snake pit, and that one should endeavor to come in Heaven after decease. Merely God could make up one’s mind who was to come in heaven, and he grants grace to those predestined to be saved. Most believed that at the terminal of clip, Christ would return to earth, and justice “ both the good and bad, both speedy and dead, and [ bring ] all to Judgment ” ( Wigglesworth, 4 ) . Even though God had predestined certain people to move wicked, all traveling to Hell merit it. While this could look barbarous and barbarous to non-Puritans, there was a brighter side: since the Puritans believed in original wickedness, God did n’t hold to salvage anyone, and hence was considered to be inordinately gracious to those he chose to salvage.

As a free mind, Franklin questioned what he had been taught turning up, and wanted to dispute his old beliefs of faith. By making so, he claimed to change over into a freethinker. Although he was a self-proclaimed diest, Franklin could non get away the Puritan idea procedure throughout life. Both believed that it was of import to be honest, diligent, difficult working, and it was of great importance to endeavor to be a good individual. Puritans lived merely, giving most of their energy into making the things they hoped would delight God. Franklin, nevertheless, did the same things for personal addition, instead than to honour God. Unlike the Puritans ‘ rigorous belief in redemption or damnation, Franklin believed clip spent on Earth was balanced with good and bad, and there was no demand for an hereafter. Even though Franklin was a freethinker, he could non get away a little Puritan mentality embedded in his beliefs.

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