Increasing disputes between the Athenian alliance/empire and the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta.
King Leonidas of Sparta.
They attacked the Persian navy when it was divided and not in optimal battle formation.
The Greek force at Thermopylai was withdrawn after three days as the reason for its holding the pass had expired. The Spartan and Thespian contingents remained behind to allow the main force get away and were anihilated.
They were celebrating a religious festival, or at least so they said.
It both strengthened and weakened them. They had banded together to oppose the Persian Empire, and Athens opportunistically converted this into and empire of its own when peace was made with Persia. So Athens had a strong bloc, but overstepped READ MORE
Legend has it that she was wife of King Menelaosof Sparta; she ran off with visiting Trojan prince Paris(Alexander); she compounded the problem by taking a lot ofMenelaos’ property with her. The Greeks under King Agamemnon ofArgos mounted an expedition READ MORE
Athens led the force of 9,000 Athenians and 1,000 Plataians.
The laws of war were developed by the Amphictyonic Councils – formed by representatives from the early Hellenic states in the Greek peninsula. The principal council was the one based on Delphi.These laws focused on protecting sacred objects and land READ MORE
Thermopylai was not pre-empted. It happened.