In A.D. 410 the Visigoths leader Alaric and his solders captured the city of Rome. They burned records and looted the treasury. Rome’s capture shocked the empire’s people. It was the first time Rome had been conquered in 800 years.
Each other, the Nubians to the south, the desert peoples to the east and west, the Greek, Persians and other Asiatic peoples to the north.
The two sides were Athens and its allies(empire), and Sparta andits allies from the Peloponnesian peninsula. Peloponnesian War is alater name, coined by some lazy scholars.
The Greeks saw the Persians off, so nothing changed.
The Trojan War was really a looting expedition around western AsiaMinor by the Archean Greeks, with Troy the richest prize. The Greekships got them there, around the coast looting for ten years, andthen home with the slaves and loot.
Yes, the 300 Spartan hoplites with their 2,000 light infantry continued to hold the pass to let their 4,000 Greek allies escape and died to preserve them.
They didn’t wage war on each other.
There were no ‘countries’ in today’s sense of the word. Greececomprised hundreds of independent city-states which from time totime banded into defensive alliances. The Peloponnesian war was between Athens and its allies andSparta and its allies. The city-states stretched from READ MORE
The Hellenistic period was post-Alexander when his successors (histop generals) who, in the late 4th C BCE carved up his empire andstruggled against each other to expand their cut of the cake – thePtolemies in Egypt, the Seleucids in Syria, READ MORE