He over-reached the strength of his resources. After adding today’sPakistan to the Empire, he determined to being in today’s southernRussia. He left the area in a hasty retreat.

Not learning from this costly overstep, he thought he could controlGreek unrest within his Empire by incorporating the source oftrouble – the cities in mainland Greece – under a Persian governorto keep them quiet. This got Persia into a 50-year war which wenton long after his death and ended in failure.

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