She was a successful Ancient Egyptian 18th dynasty pharaoh. She reigned jointly (with Tutmose III also called Tutmosis III) supposedly from about BC 1479-1458

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She was the daughter of king Tutmose the first. She was the only woman to become a pharaoh.

However, her name or title means The Ensigned Shepa of the South. ‘Hat’ means ‘The Sign’. Other readings suggest “Foremost of Noble Women”. In Semitic languages, ‘Shepa’ or ‘Sheba’ means a ‘scribe’ or ‘administrator’. In this title, Hatshepsut probably intends the reader to assume both roles because she had to write laws and administer the combined kingdoms of Ethiopia and Egypt. The ‘Sut’ is short for ‘sut-en-bat’ or ‘south and north’. Hatshepsut ruled Egypt in the North and Ethiopia in the South. (In those days, ‘Ethiopia’ really meant the northern Sudan because Africans had not migrated as far as modern Ethiopia at that time). The temple that Hatshepsut built at Deir el-Bahari is a copy of Solomon’s temple at Jerusalem. After returning from Jerusalem, Hatshepsut built a copy. Her architect set it against the clefts in the cliffs. She had secret tunnels drilled into the cliff on either side. There was a stairway and causeway like Solomon’s temple judging by the psalms they sang as they ascended from the Pool of Siloam up to the temple precincts. In that design, Hatshepsut and her architect could reflect the words of Solomon’s poem in Song of Solomon 2:14, “Oh my dove, you are in the clefts of the rock in the secret places of the stairs”. The Song of Solomon is about Israel’s King and a black woman who was searching for God. Sheba-Hatshepsut was that woman.

Of course, these statements could not be correct if Hatshepsut reigned over Egypt in BC 1479-1458. She would have ruled in BC 950 to meet Solomon. Since Egypt is the only ancient country to refer to a strange land its queen travelled to (i.e., “Punt”) and Israel was the only one to report a visit from a Queen of Ophir (literally Aufirah or Africa) a.k.a. “Queen of Sheba”, sensible analysis demandss that the so-called ‘Queen of Sheba’ be equated with Hatshepsut. Otherwise Hatshepsut’s destination is an enigma and the origin and identity of the queen of Africa who visited Solomon is another enigma. Two enigmas like these, in parallel as it were, surely help answer each other. Hatshepsut’s mystery destination was Israel and Hatshepsut was the mysterious queen who came to speak with Solomon. But those visits were in BC 950 not circa BC 1470.

The dynasty that followed Hatshepsut’s 18th is the 19th (logically). In the new chronology assumed here, several dynasties are eliminated from the Egyptian canon (e.g., 7th to 10th and 13th to 16th, the priestly ‘kings’ and some others) so the 18th and 19th become the 7th and 8th respectively but we use conventional numbers to avoid confusion). But the 19th dynasty’s famous king “Ramesses II” had a son called Merneptah Baenre Meriamun Hotephir-maat. The latter ruled Egypt for about 10 years and infamously said, “Israel’s Seed is cut off; the Land razed to the ground.” In Israel’s own history, an event of that enormity only occurred in BC 586, AD 70 (Rome) and AD 1933-45 (Nazi Germany). Obviously Merneptah’s statement could only apply to BC 586. Thus the 19th dynasty has to be removed from the 13th century BC to the 7th and that confirms the placement of the 18th to 500 years more recently as well.

Who was Hatshepsut? She was the famous “Queen of Sheba”, or more correctly as the Biblical Hebrew should read, the Queen of Ophir-Africa who ruled/administered (i.e., sheba’d) Africa or The South (Sut, as in Suten-bat = Sudan) as Jesus in the New Testament decribed the region. Josephus Flavius noted that the queen who came to see Solomon was the “Queen of Egypt and Ethiopia”. In ancient Israel, the South meant Egypt and Ethiopia, or in some contexts the deserts of the Negev. Josephus was correct. Only Hatshepsut ever ruled “Africa”. No other Egyptian queen did. In fact there really were no other Egyptian queens because the chauvinistic Egyptians only wanted men to rule them. So the evidence leaves us with little choice but to accept that Hatshepsut was, as recorded in the Bible, the queen who came to visit Solomon. That’s why the Biblical scribes gave so many verses to the incident because it truly was a great event in ancient history. It was so important that Jesus of Nazareth (The Christ) cited her when He castigated the Jewish leaders for rejecting Him even though he did many miracles in their sight, Hatsepsut, as her frescos tell us, responded to one sign or voice she heard one day whereas the Jewish leaders received a great many signs. They rejected Jesus but Sheba-Hatshepsut responde to one sign which in Hebrew is H’aut or h’at.

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