The Persians had part of the Greek world within its empire, andthese cites were restive and called in their mother-cities inpeninsular Greece to intervene. Persia decided to incorporate thesemainland cities within its empire under friendly local tyrants torestore peace.

Some of the mainland cities came to terms with Persia, the southernones resisted. Persia invaded.

The Persians were repelled, and sporadic warfare ensued. Afterfifty years, peace was arranged and the Persians agreed to stay outof Greek affairs. They went back to controlling their previousterritories and promoting peace and prosperity within them.The Greek cities were then able to go back to their usualoccupation of fighting each other.

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