Storms, calms, reefs, pirates, disease, hostile tradingcompetitors.
As trade expanded and security became more important, the ports theoperated into from were developed to accommodate war fleets anddepots. This became fully fledged at Carthage which became thelargest city in the western Mediterranean, while several othersbecame major ports, and READ MORE
Because they have been written up and exaggerated in religioustexts. As an example, the Old Testament tells of Solomon’s palaces,yet there are no remains to be found. The Hebrews were known to theEgyptians a herdsmen and bandits in the Judean READ MORE
About 95 miles.
It provided an easier and more accurate form of writing than thepictograph and syllabic used to that time. It became the basis ofGreek and Latin alphabets, and the ones we use today.
A consequence of the Second Punic war and theenslavement of 50,000 Carthaginians when Rome destroyed Carthage inthe Third Punic War (146 BC) and of 150,000 Epirotes after theThird Macedonian War (168 BC) was that many small farmers losttheir land. The READ MORE
It surrendered to Rome, its city was destroyed and its populationsold into slavery, eliminating Rome’s successful competitor forpower in the Western Mediterranean.
Hundreds of wars were fought during the 1,200 years of the historyof ancient Rome.
From trade – first exports, then the carry-trade – carrying goodsbetween other locations.
in byblos lebanon, in lebanon Around 1200 B.C, the scribes of Byblos developed an alphabetic phonetic script, the precursor of our modern alphabet. By 800 B.C., it had traveled to Greece, changing forever the way man communicated. the earliest form READ MORE