The gate of boghazkoy could definitely be considered an artifact. One of the most widely used definitions of an artifact describes them as any portable, humanly modified object and while you couldn’t move it very easily it can be moved. READ MORE
gold silver and copper
The Mesopotamians knew about Venus, and calculated its pattern of movement.
The Kings of Egypt were not called Pharaohs by the ancientEgyptians. This word was used by the Greeks and Hebrews, and todayis commonly used for the ancient Kings of Egypt. We really do notknow how many kings ruled in Egypt, READ MORE
The easiest way was from the hoofs of animals.