Pakistan was a leading member of the Central Treaty Organization (CENTO) and the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) from its adoption in 1954-55 and allied itself with the United States during the most of the Cold war. In 1971-72 •Trade embargo •In April 1979, the United States suspended most economic assistance to Pakistan over concerns about Pakistan’s atomic bomb project under the Foreign Assistance Act.  •Relations since 2001 •After the September 11 attacks in 2001 in the United States, Pakistan became a key ally in the war on terrorwith the United States.
In 2001, US President George W. Bush pressured the government into joining the USwar on terror. Pervez Musharraf acknowledges the payments received for captured terrorists in his book: We’ve captured 689 and handed over 369 to the United States. We’ve earned bounties totaling millions of dollars —Former President of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf •In 2003, the US officially forgave US$1 billion in Pakistani debt in a ceremony in Pakistan as one of the rewards for Pakistan joining the US war on terror. Today’s signing represents a promise kept and another milestone in our expanding partnership,” US Ambassador Nancy Powell said in a statement, “The forgiveness of $1 billion in bilateral debt is just one piece of a multifaceted, multibillion dollar assistance package. ” The new relationship between the United States and Pakistan is not just about September 11,’ Powell said. “It is about the rebirth of a long-term partnership between our two countries. ” However Pakistan support of the U. S. and its war has angered many Pakistanis that do not support it.