Asymmetrical and curvilinear designs. It features naturalistic but stylized forms, often combined with more geometric shapes, particularly arcs, parabolas, and semicircles. Unrestrained exuberance of form, color and line” were the most identifying characteristic of art nouveau. Lines were curved rather than straight and were nicknamed noodle, whiplash, tapeworm, and cigarette-smoke style. * The movement brought in natural forms that had often been overlooked like insects, weeds, even mythical faeries * Examples : Gustav Klimt, or the arches of the Eiffel Tower. * Exemplified in the Metro entrances of Paris designed by Hector Guimard * Art Nouveau relied on traditional craft skills, especially through the use of elaborate wrought iron scrolls.
A sample of the type of decoration used in this type of work is seen below. * * Art Nouveau artifacts were fashioned / manufactured by highly skilled and workers. They shaped materials such as wrought iron, glass and jewellery, using traditional techniques. It took years to train craftsmen in these fields and often Art Nouveau artifacts were hand made. Consequently, Art Nouveau was the preserve of the rich. Most Art Nouveau furniture was manufactured in factories or workshops, as ‘one offs’ or as a limited batch production.
Consequently, products of this style were expensive and out of reach of the average person. Art Deco * Art Deco started in the 1920’s and reached its peak in the 1930’s. Distinguished by rectilinear and symmetrical forms. Employs geometric forms, luxurious materials, exotic woods and inlays, Aztec and Egyptian influence, including the ziggurat, the sunburst, the electric bolt, and use of plastic. Art deco is characterized by sleek, streamlined forms; geometric patterns; and experiments with industrial materials such as metals, plastics, and glass.
Rounded corners, multiples of three of the same item and streamlined lines in colors that contrast with the background are prevalent in art deco. Three-lined racing stripes may also be present. The central theme of Art Deco is its geometry and symmetry. Its boldness of both design and color had such universal application. Art deco shapes are also called “Zig-Zag” or “Lightning Bolt” lines * Designs are more suitable for mass production * It also utilized modern materials like chrome, stainless steel, and inlaid wood.
If Art Deco dabbled with natural materials, they tended to be graphic or textural, like zebra skin or jagged fern leaves. As a result, Deco featured bold shapes like sunbursts and zigzags and broad curves. * Worked well for posters because of its bold type and strong colors. * >Art Deco furniture designers used plastic, exotic woods, and expensive inlays. * Some of the inspirations of Art Deco were technology and innovation, machinery, and inventions like the car. Art Deco was successful where Art Nouveau failed. Art Deco responded to the demands of the machine and new materials. It also satisfied mass production.
This movement was, in a sense, an amalgam of many different styles and movements of the early 20th century, including Constructivism, Cubism, Modernism, Bauhaus, Art Nouveau, and Futurism. ” Art deco followed the Bauhaus style; simplistic and sturdy forms, consisting of “strict geometric outlines, lacking any embellishments and just barely conforming to the historical shapes of letters,” according to Web Reference. At first, the geometry seemed awkward when compared to the flowing lines of art nouveau. art deco was influenced by fast growth in urban areas as well as by new technological advances