These are all sub versions of W7 that have their key features as well as their requirements. Beginning with Windows 7 Starter version, the key aspects are that it only comes in a 32-bit version with a maximum RAM amount of 2 gigabytes. The other key aspects are that it lacks the use of aero enhancements and does not have the ability to run three programs at the same time. Also its maximum number of CPU’s that it can have is one. The next version of Windows 7 is the Home Basic version. This version is somewhat like the starter version in some key aspects.

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Home Basic does not have aero enhancements, live thumbnail previews and internet connection sharing. Some other key aspects are that it comes in, 32-bit and 64-bit versions as well as 4 and 8 gigabytes respectively between the 32 and 64 bit versions. Windows 7 Home Premium consists of having aero enhancements, multi-touch, and media functionality and is able create home network groups. Respectively it is also both in 32-bit and 64-bit versions as well as employs between 4 and 16 gigabytes of RAM. Alongside Home Premium comes Windows 7 Professional.

Windows 7 Professional includes an enhanced networking feature like domain join, also advance backup programs. This version includes both a versions of a 32 and 64 bit. As well this version includes a max CPU of 2 like the remaining versions. Windows 7 enterprise is the next level of windows operating system in which includes branch cache, direct access, bitlocker, applocker, and boot from VHD support. The final level of these windows versions is the Windows 7 Ultimate version. This version includes everything in all other versions and is both in 32-bit and 64-bit versions.

Every version from Starter to Home Premium cannot backup to networks as the other versions can do. Windows Starter as well as Professional, Enterprise and Ultimate are mostly utilized by businesses as well as big organizations. Home Basic and Home Premium are utilized for personal home computing. In that regard Windows 7 utilizes many versions to compete with competitors like Linux and even in a sense a server version in its own family like Windows server 2008. Windows 7, Linux and Windows Server 2008 Comparison

Alongside the types of versions of Windows 7 come the comparison and the contrasting of its competitors or other versions. These would include Linux and Windows Server 2008. Linux is considered to be one of the most recent on rise operating system alongside mainstream Windows operating systems. According to what is Linux? (2012), Linux is an operating system in which evolved from a type of kernel. According to what is Linux? (2012), Linux is also a type of interface that is between computer/server hardware as well as the programs and applications that run on it.

A direct difference in comparison to Windows 7 is that the file system is different in terms of having to mount copied files from floppies or CD-ROM’s. According to what is Linux? (2012), Linux is also built upon having professional knowledge of how to use the UNIX operating system. Windows Server 2008 is also in the windows family but in as a server type of operating system. This type of operating system is mainly used by businesses or any type of organization that utilizes the need for servers of this type. It utilizes as well as comes in both 32 and 64 bit versions.

As well it respectively holds between 2 to 4 gigabytes of RAM and has a max HDD of 40 gigabytes or higher. In our world today there are so many different types of operating systems as well as features and applications that run on them. There are many similarities as well as differences between Windows 7, Linux and Windows Server 2008. The one enduring similarity is that all three are intended to be utilized as an operating system is meant to. Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2008 is a line of server operating systems (OS) from Microsoft. It is the successor of Windows Server 2003 and shares the same code base as Windows Vista.

New features were added in Server 2008 particularly Server Core command utility from security perspective to reduce attack surface. Windows Server 2008 Versions Windows Server 2008 comes with three basic editions. The usage depends on the level of criticalness of applications. Following is a summary view of all three. Datacenter Edition Datacenter Edition is for the most mission-critical applications. It offers highest level of virtualization which helps in achieving highest levels of scalability, reliability, and availability Enterprise Edition For the next critical level, we have the enterprise edition.

It provides a cost-effective way to realize the benefits of virtualization. Standard Edition Standard edition is designed to increase the reliability and flexibility of your server infrastructure while helping save time and reduce costs. Powerful tools give you greater control over your servers and streamline configuration and management tasks. Windows Server 2008 vs. Windows 7 and Linux Contrast Following is a contrast and compare of Windows Server 2008 with Windows 7 and particularly with Linux servers. Cost Windows Server 2008 comes under the proprietorship of Microsoft and requires licensing for usage.

Every user requires a separate license key which raises the cost. The basic Windows Server OS cost is around $1000 but with every license key additional cost comes. Linux on the other hand has an ISO file which is mostly downloadable and burnable on a DVD and can be installed e. g. Ubuntu server. The DVD can be used any number of times on different machines. Linux is also compatible with a number of hardware which makes it more favorable as it does not require additional hardware whereas; windows server 2008 has specific hardware requirements.

Windows 7 on the other hand is like server 2008 in terms of cost but since it is for desktops there is only one upfront charge. Security Windows Server 2008 seems to be most secured and Linux to be least since it is open source but statistics say the opposite. Windows Server 2008 has experienced the most deadly network malware particularly Code-Red because of the numerous surfaces it offers for malware to sneak in. One of the other reasons for insufficient security is Windows market share. Network attackers find it more convenient to attack Windows since the damage is more and deep.

Linux on the other hand operates through its terminal interface mostly. Most of the important commands can only be run by the super-user, the root. Configurability Windows OS are limited by graphic interfaces in terms of configurability whereas; Linux allows terminal interface which opens innumerable configurable options that allow changes in basic kernel. User friendliness In terms of user friendliness nothing comes close to Windows OS. Windows OS offer most user friendly interface with wizards to step you through different tasks.

Most of the Linux flavors on the other do not offer a User Interface (UI), instead need to be managed through the terminal but lately flavors like Ubuntu, fedora are offering good UI for basic level users. Nonetheless, full capacity of Linux can only be explored through its terminal. Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, and Linux Comparison Hierarchical Structure Both Windows and Linux OS have hierarchical file structure. Both have directories, sub-directories and files which make up a tree like structure. Both allow hidden files. Command line interface

Both Windows and Linux OS have command line interfaces. In case of Linux we call it the terminal and in case of Windows we call it command prompt. There is great similarity between the commands that are used e. g. cd .. , switches like –s etc. Users and Groups Both Windows and Linux are multi user OS and allow management through its users and groups. You can group users together based on their roles and provide specific settings for them. Networking Both Windows and Linux can provide networking facilities like printing, remote desktop and file sharing.

Both grant functionality to accomplish network services, such as DHCP and DNS which are ideal for web servers. (Cabrera, 2009) (Windows Server & Linux Server – Compare & Contrast, n. d. ) Linux Linux is an operating system developed in 1991 based of the kernel design by Linus Torvalds. Linux was initially designed as a free open source operating system to serve as an alternative option to more popular closed source operating systems such as Windows and Mac. What “open source” means is that Linux’s source code is free to be distributed and modified. (Linux, Wikipedia, 2012) Linux Versions

Unlike Windows, Linux has hundreds if not thousands of different versions. These versions are often referred to as distributions (distro’s), flavors, or forks. The term fork comes from the nature of how many Linux distributions come about. A distribution is often created when a programmer or group of programmers take an existing distribution, tweak it to certain purposes, then repackage it under another name. Today, some of the most popular Linux distributions are as follows: Linux Mint, Ubuntu, Fedora, Debian, openSUSE, Arch Linux, PCLinuxOS, CentOS, Mageia, Slackware, and FreeBSD.

Each distribution has its own strengths and weaknesses, and care should be taken when deciding which distribution should be used for your specific situation. Linux has the distinction of being very versatile. Being built on an open source principle, Linux is very adaptable and customizable. What this means for an organization is that the operating system can be designed and modified specifically for the organization’s specific needs. This allows the operating system to often be more efficient due to the lack of non-essential features often included in other operating systems.

This also allows desktop and server hardware to run more efficiently resulting in cost savings associated with hardware, power consumption, and cooling requirements. Another distinguishing feature of Linux is its massive variation in operating system size. Linux can come in the form of a very resource intensive GUI based installation all the way down to a very basic command prompt based system. This allows several different options. For users used to Windows or Mac, a more GUI oriented Linux distribution may be easier to navigate and operate at the expense of resource consumption.

More advanced Linux users can utilize the command prompt only distributions. These command prompt distributions can be very small in size, often having the ability to reside on and run from a CD-ROM or flash drive. Installing Linux onto a flash drive allows a user to boot any computer into a Linux operating system quickly and easily with minimum hardware impact. Other uses of Linux distributions are on devices other than computers. All electronic, computer type equipment requires some sort of operating system to function. Today this includes: TV’s, DVD players, video game consoles, phones, and tablets.

Linux’s open source lends itself, as mentioned before, to many forms of customization and modification. This allows Linux to be a perfect option for more lightweight situations associated with the above devices. Once of the most common and well known applications for non-computer based use of Linux is Android. Almost everybody today has heard of the Android operating system platform. Most people don’t know, though, that it is based off of Linux. A very small, efficient, and phone (or tablet) specific distribution was developed to serve as the operating system on these devices. Another example is as simple as a TV.

Most people don’t think twice when they boot up their TV and then have to make a selection from an on screen menu of some type. Well, the TV requires an operating system for these features too. Many modern TV’s incorporate the use of Linux to design the operating system for their products. Wit. h the advancement of TV’s, features such as Wi-Fi require more functionality from their on-board operating system, and Linux provides this versatility. (Linux-Powered Device, Wikipedia, 2012 ) Linux and Windows Linux comes with some inherent advantages over Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008.

Linux operating systems are commonly free as opposed to Windows. With Windows, an organization is required to purchase licenses to run the individual copies of the operating system. With Linux, this cost is eliminated. On the flip side, with the elimination of licensing fees, the amount of technical support is limited. Many distributions such as Ubuntu earn a corporate profit by charging for enterprise technical support. This increases the need for a Linux knowledgeable IT staff in the organization. For a private individual or desktop user, support is often available in the form of online knowledge bases free of charge.

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