Describe with clear and specific details from the texts the role the state of Florida played in the outcome of the Election of 1876. What other states played a similar role? In the election of 1876, Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel Tilden fought a very closely contested campaign. The results of the election were disputed in a number of states. Florida was one of these states South Carolina, Louisiana, Oregon. In these states, the Republicans said the Democrats were refusing to count black votes while the Democrats said the Republicans were refusing to count votes for Tilden.
Both parties claimed that they had won Florida and three other states. 2. What were the components of the Compromise of 1877? What governmental groups and individuals were involved, etc? Be sure to include all relevant facts from the texts above, including who was involved, what was agreed upon, where this event took place, the results of the event, etc. The components of the Compromise of 1877 were the Republican Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel Tilden. The soldiers who ran the elections changed the electoral results so that Hayes would win by one vote.
The commission was made up of five U. S. representatives, five senators, and five Supreme Court justices. The final agreement went as Hayes would get to be President, even though he cheated and a Southerner would be on Hayes’ Cabinet. A railroad would be constructed across the South and Union troops would leave the Southern states. Civil War amendments could not be enforced, freed slaves could not be protected, and Reconstruction ended. 3. Why do you think the Compromise of 1877 is also known as the Corrupt Bargain? What could be considered corrupt about it?
Three Southern states had contested vote counts, and for either candidate to win the election, he would need more electoral votes. It was corrupt because with Union troops gone, there was no security that the South would uphold the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, so African Americans were not guaranteed to be free. 4. Compare and contrast Hayes and Tilden, including their political backgrounds and their views on the results of the election. Samuel J. Tilden of New York outpolled Ohio’s Rutherford B. Hayes in the popular vote, and had 184 electoral votes to Hayes’s 165, with 20 votes uncounted.
These 20 electoral votes were in dispute in three states each party reported its candidate had won the state, while in Oregon one elector was declared illegal and replaced. 6. What results did Hayes’s election have on Reconstruction? What was the impact on blacks in the South? He received fewer votes than Tilden but Democrats agreed to let Hayes become president in exchange for a complete withdrawal of federal troops from the South. Hayes ordered the remaining federal troops to vacate South Carolina and Louisiana.
The Supreme Court repeatedly struck down Radical Republican legislation, issuing rulings that had a devastating effect on blacks’ civil liberties. 7. Using the link to the web site on the Electoral College, explain in a paragraph how the Electoral College process works. In today’s age, a President must win 270 electoral votes to become President. I no candidate wins a majority of electoral votes, the 12th amendment to the Constitution provides for Presidential election by the House of Representatives with each state delegation receiving one vote.
The electors are chosen by the states and the District of Columbia on the day of the general election. The electors in each state have to meet to cast their votes. 8. Explain how Hayes—or any other President—could lose the popular vote and yet win the election. The Electoral College says that every state has a certain number of electoral votes. The person that gets the most regular votes in that state, gets all the electoral votes that the state has. The amount of electoral votes each state has is based on population. 9. Look at Tilden’s criticism of the process in his concession speech.
Do you agree or disagree with his opinion and why? Be sure to list at least three specific reasons from the reading. I agree with Tilden’s opinion in his speech. He gives clear details on the fact that it’s wrong that the people were defrauded of their elective rights, which is true. The people have the right to vote, and when Democratic and Republican agreements decide on their own, it basically takes that right away from them. Also I agree because Tilden states that is there is no law manufactured for the electoral votes, then people will take advantage of it once again, because “Temptation exists always. ”