Anything that can cause damage to your personal property or public property (ex a flood damaging your home) -Things that would cause the environment to become polluted, anything that would be mistreatment to our environment (gas from vehicles pollute our air, or littering) Risk Chances of the hazards actually happening, depending on how vulnerable you are to these things for example a person who lives in a poor housing conditions can end up catching a disease from drinking dirty water and can eventually die, someone who walks into a building that hasn’t been fully built yet without a hard hat and something falls on them and they end up with a severe head injury.

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These are chances that we take when we are exposed to a specific hazard. Sometimes its not by chance but by misfortune. What risks from Figure 17-16 and Table 17-3 surprise you and why do they surprise you? From Figure 17-16 I find it crazy that you lose more life expectancy from Poor social connections than a motor vehicle accident. It just shows us that even though we take that risk and drive every day to work having strong family ties and connections with friends helps us cope with stressful times and if we didn’t have anyone there for us stress can cause many problems whether it has to do with a mental illness or physical illness such as a heart attack.

You have less of a life expectancy if you drop out of school than being orphaned as a child. That one got me too because you would think that being left with no parents would make it hard for you to cope and stay out of trouble but then again if you have good parents and they teach you right from wrong and you decide to drop out of school that makes you become unemployed which can lead to problems with obtaining food and shelter. That just boggles my mind.

From Figure 17-3 shows that Smoking will kill you a lot faster than having unprotected sex and catching Aids. I know smoking is definitely big because it can cause emphysema or cancer but I thought that with all the sexual activity that goes on or the drug use that happens it would be a lot higher than smoking. But people don’t really advertise the significant dangers of cigarettes the way they should and they make it easy for the young to obtain it.

Differentiate between hazard and outrage? Give an example of a low hazard risk but a high outrage risk. Hazard comes from risk calculations and outrage is how the public sees these risks and what they mean to them. -Hazard and outrage do not carry equal weight in the risk equation. When hazard is high and outrage is low, people under react. But when hazard is low and outrage is high, they overreact. For example kids die from swimming pool accidents more than they would from a gunshot wound, so instead of parents protecting the children and teaching them the dangers of a swimming pool they teach them more about dangers regarding guns.

Parents will let a child go to a friend’s house that has a swimming pool not knowing it could harm them should they fall in trying to grab something out of the pool and they can’t swim but, will forbid them to go to a house where a rifle is locked away in a glass case because it’s used for hunting. A child being shot is horrific and a scary thought and it causes outrage when you hear about it but a child only needs 30 seconds to be submerged under water to die in a drowning incident.

This all has to do with the familiarity that people have with each thing you hear about shootings more on TV then you hear about kids drowning in pools when they happen just as frequently except they don’t make news headlines like they should be. People need to realize that drowning is just as common and by not ensuring that your child has been properly trained to swim, or having it fenced in and locked when it is not being used is important, and having an adult present at all times is crucial.

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