Just like our society today, the people of Mesopotamia were either city dwellers or farmers. Each strove to find his place in nature. Foddstuffs were plentiful and the population, though numerous, were not even close to the scale we have today. People in the villages and towns were mostly traders, innkeepers or animal caretakers. Some powerful citizens controlled the weaker masses much as our politicians do today. The farmers tilled the soil, collected fruits from the numerous groves, and traded in alcohol made from vast grape orchards. They are no different than we would be if we were in their situation.