The Indus Valley Tradition is a term used to refer to the cultures of the Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra rivers, stretching from the Neolithic Mehrgarh period down to the Iron Age or Indo-Gangetic Tradition.The Indus Valley Tradition is divided into four eras, and each era can be divided into various phases. A phase is an archaeological unit possessing traits sufficiently characteristic to distinguish it from all other units similarly conceived. [1] Each phase can be subdivided into interaction systems.Date rangePhaseEra7000 – 5500 BCMehrgarh I (aceramic Neolithic)Early Food Producing Era5500-3300Mehrgarh II-VI (ceramic Neolithic)Regionalisation Era
5500-26003300-2600Early Harappan (Early Bronze Age)3300-2800Harappan 1 (Ravi Phase)2800-2600Harappan 2 (Kot Diji Phase, Nausharo I, Mehrgarh VII)2600-1900Mature Harappan (Indus Valley Civilization)Integration Era2600-2450Harappan 3A (Nausharo II)2450-2200Harappan 3B2200-1900Harappan 3C1900-1300Late Harappan (Cemetery H); Ochre Coloured PotteryLocalisation Era1900-1700Harappan 41700-1300Harappan 51300-300Painted Gray Ware, Northern Black Polished Ware (Iron Age)Indo-Gangetic Tradition

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