Persia was attempting to bring Greece within its empire to bring peace to the Aegean Sea area.

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The southern Greek city-states resisted and were invaded.

The Greek strategy was to first defeat the Persian navy which threatened the Greek cities and so forced them to keep their armies at home, and allowed the Persians to pick off the cities one at a time.

So the Greek navy assembled at Salamis, where the Persians thought they had them cornered in the strait. However the Greek plan was to get the Persian fleet strung out entering the strait and defeat them while dispersed.

It worked.

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