Bronze was used before Iron because it was easier to find, mine, and mold to the uses that they needed. People did not have the technology or the wherewithal to mine, use, or sustain Iron ore in the mainstream economy.

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The primary reason Bronze was used in toolmaking well before Iron has to do with the fact that Iron melts at a much higher temperature than either Tin or Copper (the component metals in Bronze). Both Tin and Copper can be melted at temperatures obtainable by wood fires, while Iron requires special “boosted” fires based on charcoal or coal. The understanding of how to create these very-high-temperature fires is critical to the use of iron; thus, Iron was not used until someone was able to invent such higher-temperature fires.

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