The battle was by a southern Greek alliance, led by Sparta with astrong Athenian naval contribution.
The Greeks orchestrated the battle – giving misinformation to thePersians that the Greek fleet would attempt to flee, causing thePersians to split their fleet by sending a third of their ships tocover the western exit from the strait at Salamis, evening up thenumbers available for the battle.

They selected a battle position behind the island of Pysatalliawhich caused the Persian fleet to split in two around each side andmove in two linear columns to get through the narrow straits,allowing the waiting Greek ships to pounce on their exposed flanksas they came through.

By fighting in the narrow waters, they were able to use themanoeuverability of their smaller warships to ram their slowerlarger opponents.

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