in southern China, on the other hand, it was pretty much hot all the time, and
wood was very scarce. People there mostly built houses of mud-brick, and
the houses were mostly a wall around an open courtyard, with some small
rooms built around the edges of the courtyard to keep stuff in and to go into
when it rained (which wasn’t very often). These are called “courtyard
houses.” Here the animals would be kept in the courtyards, which often had a
well or a cistern in the middle to collect water. The roofs were usually flat, so
people could sleep on them and keep cool.
In China, we find rich people living in bigger houses with pillars and tiled roofs beginning in the Chou Dynasty, about 1000 BC.