1. First recorded organized and civilized CITIES.
2. First Horse CHARIOT with an advanced perfectly proportioned WHEEL.
3. First LAWS-Code of Hammurabi
4. First Traces of MEDICINE, due to the injuries from wars.
5. First Systematically organized LIBRARY by King Ashurbanipal.
6. First to divide a circle into 360 degrees, Long. and Lat.
7. First most powerful WOMAN LEADER and initally ARMY GENERAL, Queen Shamiran.
8. First MATHEMATICS.
9. First TELESCOPE LENS, the Nimrud Lens
10. First ENGINEERS, excavations, which were used to undermine city walls (seige), battering rams to knock down walls, concept of engineering.
11. First umbler lock and kEY system was found in the ruins of the palace of Khorsabad, built by the Assyrian king Sargon II.
12. First unbelievably designed GARDEN (to imitate the Garden of Eden) THE HANGING GARDENS, one of the WONDERS OF THE WORLD.

and much more….

Resources:
London Museum
Baghdad Historical Museum
Online Encyclopedias…

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