Greek culture was not spread by the Peloponnesian War. That war involved the already-spread Greek world which existed from Spain through the Mediterranean to Asia Minor and the Black Sea. The aftermath of the war left the Greek world badly weakened, not strengthened. And it opened the way for the re-mergenc of Persia as a major player, imposing the King’s peace to stabilise the eastern Mediterranean, and the emergence of Maedonia as another major player, but that was over half a century later.

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