Islam and Christianity
Religion was and still is an of import portion of human life ; from early history up to now human existences have believed in different signifiers and have expressed they faith in different ways. Religion has influenced their lives in a batch of facets, it has had a great function in taking large states and it still influences many peoples life today. It is besides an of import portion of a individuals instruction and his day-to-day rites.
Nowadays, there are many faiths in the universe, both monotheistic and polytheistic. For many people faith is a light which helps them to happen the truth and the right manner of life, so they pay attending to faith and pass a peculiar clip on it. Christianity and Islam are the two largest faiths in the universe. Christian religion is the first largest faith, with approximately two billion disciples, and after it comes Islam, the 2nd largest faith, with more than one billion disciples, and this figure is going larger every twenty-four hours. A batch of people in the universe belong to these faiths and have chosen them as the true manner to believe. These two faiths are non merely the largest faiths but they are besides at the same clip two monotheistic faiths. However they display a batch of differences in their Bibles, beliefs and in worship.
Islam is a monotheistic Abrahamic faith predicated by the prophesier Muhammad, an Arab spiritual individual. He was a honorable individual who had n’t done bad to any organic structure. He was fatherless when he was born and his uncle helped him, to go a seller. When he was 40 old ages old, he became prophet and started to prophesy Islam ; he was the refinisher of the original, undefiled monotheistic religion of Adam, Abraham and others. Islam is built on five pillars. The first of them is witnessing. It is as below: “ There is none worthy of worship except God and Muhammad is the courier of God. ” This declaration of religion is called the Shahadah, a simple expression that all the faithful pronounce. The significance of this declaration is the belief that the lone intent of life is to function and obey God, and this is achieved through the instructions and patterns of the LastProphet, Muhammad. The 2nd pillar is salah ; it is the name for the obligatory supplications that are performed five times a twenty-four hours, and they are a direct nexus between the believer and God. There is no hierarchal authorization in Islam and there are no priests. Prayers are led by a erudite individual who knows the Qur’an and is by and large chosen by the fold. Prayers are said at morning, mid-day, late-afternoon, sundown and twilight, and therefore find the beat of the full twenty-four hours. These five prescribed supplications contain poetries from the Qur’an, and are said in Arabic, the linguistic communication of the disclosure. Personal invocations, nevertheless, can be offered in one ‘s ain linguistic communication and at any clip. The 3rd pillar of Islam is Charity. An of import rule of Islam is that everything belongs to God, and that wealth is hence held by human existences in trust. The word zakah means both “ purification ” and “ growing. ” Our ownerships are purified by puting aside a proportion for those in demand and for the society in general. Like the pruning of workss, this cutting back balances and encourages new growing. Each Muslim calculates his or her ain zakah separately. This involves the one-year payment of a fortieth of one ‘s capital, excepting such points as primary abode, auto and professional tools. Fasting is the 4th pillar of Islam ; it is abstaining wholly from feeding, imbibing, and adumbrate sexual contacts from the interruption of morning boulder clay sunset. It is a nonpareil Islamic establishment which teaches adult male the rule of sincere love to God, a originative sense of hope, devotedness, forbearance, unselfishness, subject, etc. Obligatory fasting is done one time a twelvemonth for the period of the month of Ramadan. Fasting during this clip is obligatory for every Muslim grownup if he is mentally and physically fit and non on a journey. The 5th pillar of Islam is pilgrim’s journey ; it is obligatory to do the pilgrim’s journey to Mecca, at least one time in a life-time. Moslems from all walks of life, from every corner of the Earth, assemble in Mecca in response to the call of Allah. It is to mark the Divine rites observed by the Prophet Abraham and his boy Ishmael, who were the first pilgrims to the house of Allah on Earth: the Ka’bah. It is besides to retrieve the great assembly of the twenty-four hours of opinion when people will stand equal before Allah.
Christianity, like Islam, is a monotheistic and Abrahamic faith based on the life and the instructions of Jesus and on the Bible. Jesus was born in Bethlehem to Mary a virgin, by a miracle of Holy Spirit, he started to talk to people when he was immature when was in cradle. He passed his childhood in Nazareth, and was baptized by John. Christians believe that the Jesus is the boy of God and the Messiah. Jesus is a instructor, the theoretical account of a pious life, the revealer of God, the go-between of redemption and the Jesus who suffered, died and was resurrected in order to convey about redemption from wickedness for all. Christians maintain that Jesus ascended into heaven and most denominations teach that Jesus will judge the life and the dead, allowing everlasting life to his followings. Christians describe the New Testament history of Jesus ‘ ministry as the Gospel, or “ good intelligence ” . Christians believe that, as the Messiah, Jesus was anointed by God as swayer and Jesus of humanity, and hold that Jesus ‘ approach was the fulfilment of messianic prognostications of the Old Testament. The Three is a Christian philosophy, saying that God is one Being Who exists, at the same time and everlastingly, as a common indwelling of three individuals: the Father, the Son ( Jesus Christ ) , and the Holy Spirit ( Wikipedia.org ) . An of import portion of Jesus ‘ instruction are 10 commandments. Abdul Waheed Khan has listed them in his book as below: 1Recognition of the Sovereignty of God. You shall hold no other Gods before me. 2 Thou shall non do thee any sculpted image or any similitude of anything that is in the Eden above, or that is in the Earth beneath, or in the Waterss below. Thou shall non bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them, for I, the Lord your GOD, am a covetous GOD, sing the kids unto the 3rd and the 4th coevals of them that detest me. And demoing clemencies onto 1000s of them that love me and maintain my Commandments.3 Against bearing false witness and profane curse. Thou shall non take the name of the Lord, thy God in vain, for the Lord will non keep them guiltless that taken hisname in vain.
4 Observe Sabbath. Keep the Sabbath twenty-four hours to consecrate it, as the Lord- thy God hath commanded thee. Six yearss you will work and labor but the 7th twenty-four hours thou shall non make any work. ( But God ne’er gets tired. He ne’er sleeps )
5 Honor thy male parent and thy female parent, as the Lord, thy GOD hath commanded thee, that thy yearss may be prolonged in the land which the Lord, thy God spring thee.
6 Sanctity of human life. Thou shalt non kill.
7 Observe holiness of belongings. Thou shall non steal.
8 Do non perpetrate criminal conversation. Observe holiness of matrimony.
9 Do non give false grounds against your neighbour.
10 Keep off from envious desires. Neither shall thou desire thou neighbour ‘s married woman, nor shall thou covet thy neighbour ‘s house, his field or his man-servant or his maid-servant, his ox or his buttocks or anything that is neighbour ‘s ( 17, 18 ) .
These two faiths besides have their books. For Islam, the Qur’an is the holy book. It was revealed to Muhammad by God through the angel Gabriel in different periods during 23 old ages. It is the most of import book for Muslims and contains 114 suras or chapters. It was written down by Muhammad ‘s friends on different pieces of paper when he was alive, and after his decease they collected it in one whole book. This book contain commandments about Islamic worship, Islamic jurisprudence, and it besides contains information about other Prophetss and judgement twenty-four hours. It is written in the Arabic linguistic communication and it seems like a poesy when read in this linguistic communication. For Christianity the holy book is the Bible. It was written after Jesus by different peoples in different versions. It includes two books, the New testament and the Old Testament. The original linguistic communication of Bible is the Grecian. It includes spiritual commandments and Jesus words.
These faiths have a batch of differences, but the chief difference between Islam and Christianity is trinity philosophy, because this appears in their believe. Christians believe in the three of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, and in the other manus the Muslims do n’t believe in this philosophy. They say that God is one and there is no other God. He has n’t son. They see Jesus as a prophesier and a retainer of God, non God ‘s boy, he is one of the best Prophetss and they have respect for him like for the other Prophetss. They believe Christ was neither crucified nor killed by Jews, Jesus was taken up to God, but the Christians believe that Jesus was crucified on a cross and after three yearss raised from the decease.
Moslems believe that all world is born pure and each individual is responsible for his or her ain wickednesss and non person else ‘s, while Christians believe in Original Sin, so all of world is held responsible for the wickednesss of Adam and Eve which merely the sacrament of baptism in the name of Christ can aby. Muslim spiritual leaders ore non obliged to stay continent, but the Christian priests are obligated to stay continent. The Qur’an is an alone book it is merely one book and has n’t changed from the clip when it was written for the first clip, while Bible is found today in different versions and it has seen many alterations in different periods. For the Muslims, Friday is the twenty-four hours when they are obliged to travel to the mosque to listen the address of spiritual leader and to pray, but for Christians the Sabbath is the twenty-four hours when they have to travel to church.
The method of worship is another difference between Islam and Christianity. As guadet has stated: “ Prayer is really specific and precisely the same no affair which state the Muslim happens to populate in. There are five prescribed supplications per twenty-four hours at set times harmonizing to the rotary motion of the Earth around the Sun. All of these supplications are obligatory for every Muslim. The prescribed supplications are recited in Arabic and are recited precisely the same in all states of the universe. The civilization of a individual does non act upon the public presentation of supplication. It is the exact supplication that Muhammad, taught. for Christians, with a few memorized exclusions, like the ‘Our Father ‘ and the ‘Apostle ‘s Creed, ‘ supplication is an jury-rigged conversation with God ; there is no prescribed clip for nor day-to-day figure of Christian supplications ” ( Guadet, )
There is no uncertainty that Christianity and Islam are the largest faiths, they are both Abrahamic and monotheistic faiths, but in the same clip they have many differences. These differences are apparent in worship, in beliefs and day-to-day rites.
“ Christian religion ” . 4 May 2008 & A ; lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christianity & A ; gt ;
Guadet James. “ Islam and Christianity Similarities and Differences ” .4 May. 2008 & A ; lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //muslim-canada.org/islam_christianity.html & A ; gt ;
Khan Abdul Waheed. Toward Understanding Christianity. Karachi ; Pakistan: neptunium. 2002