This is a book reappraisal on ‘Fortress of the New Testament ‘ by Theissen. In this reappraisal I will research the manner of authorship, construction and flow of different subdivisions. Theussen is the professor of the New Testament at the university of Heidelberg Germany. He has contributed to a figure of scholarly books and is besides
co-edited ( With Wolfgang Stegemann and Bruce J. Malina ) of The Social Setting of Jesus and the Gospel ( 2002 ) .
Theussen says the purpose of the book is to sum up briefly the most of import characteristics of the New Testament, giving information about single authorship in the NT and the overall image of its history, literature and Religion. Harmonizing to the book, looks at the two basic signifiers of the NT, the missive and Gospel were brought a literary line together in the Johannine Hagiographas. Then there is a historical line along with a reclamation motion within Judaism, which gained its independency and became a separate faith. Finally, is the theological line which had emerged from Hebraism
The New Testament and its literary signifiers: The New Testament or new compact is a aggregation of Hagiographas of a little spiritual subculture in the Roman Empire, These were formed because of a new reading of the Judaic faith. Prompted around 27-30 AD by Jesus of Nazareth who was executed by the Romans for being a trouble maker.
The 27 books in the OT are made up of four Gospels, 21 letters, Acts of the Apostles and the Revelation of John: These were foremost written in Greek, the Holy Scripture of the Jews in their Grecian interlingual rendition called the Septuagint. The Jews were the first to develop the thought of Canon, which impressed the content and the strong belief of a Religion on the cultural memory of a community as something sanctum, in order to forestall the community from of all time burying them.
Theussen claims that Christians developed their expanded ‘canon ‘ on the theoretical account of the Judaic canon. The Judaic Bible became the OT merely to separate it from the NT.Both NT and Jewish bible together organize the new faith Christian Bible. The book says, “ Christianity is a missive written non with ink but with the spirit non on the tablet of rock but on the tablet of bosom. ”
Jesus of Nazareth, narrated in Gospels. The book says it is a discrepancy of the ancient ‘life ‘ , which was broad spread in the non-Jewish universe. The oldest Gospel is Mark. Luke and Mathew are the first to add narrations about Jesus ‘ childhood and to round off the Gospel with the visual aspect of the risen Christ.
Jesus Tradition in the First Coevalss: The Logia Source and the Oral Tradition of Jesus, The beginning of the Gospel: the synoptic inquiry, Tradition of the itinerant character: the logia beginning Traditions of the local communities: the passion and the synoptic apocalypse Popular tradition of the local communities, the miracle narratives
Paul of Tarsus: After the decease of Jesus, there was a struggle between Hebrews and Hellenist. Their leader Stephen was stoned for knocking the temple. They besides spread to Samaria Antioch distributing Christianity and began to win non Jews to Christianity ( Act 11:20 ) , Paul and Barnabas became the leader of the community. Paul wrote letters as the 2nd basic literary signifier of crude Christianity ; he used it as an instrument for act uponing his communities in order to support himself against Judaizing oppositions.
THE BEGINING OF THE LETTER LITERATURE IN THE FIRST GENERATION: THE LETTERS OF PAUL
Theussen has written that, the missive is the 2nd chief signifier of literature in the New Testament, written 50 and 56 A D, before the Gospels in 70 and 110 AD. Thirteen letters of Paul are addressed to single communities and people, though the missive to the Hebrews does non advert Paul as the writer is counted as the fourteenth, and the seven Catholic letters are addressed to all Christians.
Theussen says, the letters comprise of those of James, two letters of Peter, three letters of John and the missive of Jude. The letters bear informant to Jesus in a different manner from the Gospels. They contain few fragment of the tradition of Jesus of Nazareth. In them Jesus appears as a supernatural being sent from God ‘s preexistent universe who became adult male, suffered decease and the rose from the dead to be exalted as swayer over powers. Announcement of Christ as distinct from Jesus ‘ tradition.
1Thessalonians- A missive originating out of the state of affairs: Founded in crisis at a clip when the community felt that Christians were a political danger, which could discredit them publically. The anti-Judaizing letters: Galatians and Philippians ; consists of Galatians, Philippians and Philemon. The anti-enthusiastic letters: the letters to the Corinthians, Paul and the community in Corinth, 1 Corinthians and 2Conrithians. The theological synthesis: Romans as Paul ‘s
The Synoptic Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles: The New Form of Literature in the Second and Third Generations. The Gospel of Mark, Mathew, Luke and Acts composing the Gospel and directing the community.
Pseudepigraphical Letterss: The continuance of the literature of the First Generation.
The Origin of the pseudepigraphy of crude Christian religion
The Deutero-Pauline Letters 2Thessalonians ; Colossians, Ephesians, the Pastoral missive
The Catholic letters 1 Peter, James, Jude, 2 Peter, Hebrews
Johannine Hagiographas: The nexus Between Gospel and Letter Literature.
The Gospel of John The Johannine missive 1John, 2 and 3 John
The apocalypse. Harmonizing to the book, the tradition in the synoptic Gospel about the workss of Jesus and the Christ announcement of action of God in the letters of Paul first come together in the Johannine Hagiographas.
Is the treatment on the ‘way to the New Testament ‘ as a Literary integrity.
This book has fulfilled it intent of supplying a fortress debut to the New Testament its authorship is academic, with mentions to other bookmans and the Bible. The book is logic with chapters, good the manner of authorship, construction flow.
The book is really enlightening, I think it has achieved its purpose and has summed up briefly the most of import characteristics of the New Testament as it said. The letters bear informant to Jesus in a different manner from the Gospels I now know the most of import characteristics of the New Testament and would urge it to theological pupils or anyone who serious and wants to cognize the fortress of the New Testament.