Air travel is a big and turning industry in the universe as it facilitates touristry, international investing and economic growing and therefore helps in globalisation in many states. Travel for concern and leisure has increased well in last few old ages, except at the clip of recession. Exhibit Business travel has increased due to the unfastened economic system of many developing states which consequences in smooth entry and issue of the companies in footings of their trading policy, clients, investings and supply and production ironss. Developing states besides realized the importance of touristry which brings-in more foreign currency in their economic system and which helps in developing resorts and substructure to pull international tourers thereby increasing the figure of air travelers ( Standford University web site, 2000 ) .
The planetary air power industry is expected to turn at a Compounded Annual Growth Rate ( CAGR ) of 5.6 % in the period of 2004-2024. It is forecasted that the major conventional matured air hose markets like US and Europe will hold market portion of 52 % in 2025. Exhibit shows the air traffic distribution all over the universe. At present it is chiefly shared by US, Europe and Asia Pacific states. Exhibit shows the jutting growing rate of these Asia Pacific parts in the period of 2006 to 2025. Therefore, the future growing of air hose industry lies in this Asia Pacific part chiefly China and India. ( LLC, 2007 )
Aviation Industry in Asia Pacific
In the approaching old ages, this part is forecasted to be the highest turning part in the universe air power industry. ( Exhibit- sh ows the forecasted informations till 2029 ) . The dynamic nature of economic system is the cardinal factor in this market.
The cardinal indexs for the growing of this industry are:
Number of riders
The universe air power industry organic structure International Air Transport Association ( IATA ) had said that bearers in the Asia-Pacific part chiefly India and China have posted highest net incomes of $ 7.7 billion in 2010, catching air hoses in North America and Europe. Emerging markets like China and India have shown great chances for civil air power sector in the recent old ages. The volume of riders and lading has increased by around 7 % in 2010 compared to in the twelvemonth 2006. Freight traffic in Hong-Kong, one of the major lading hubs in the universe has grown by 34 % . Shorter draw winging, including domestic and international travel within the part will turn 7.1 % per twelvemonth. Air cargo growing is estimated to be 6.8 % per twelvemonth during the following 20 old ages. In order to run into the demand of turning riders and lading, the figure of aeroplanes will about triple from 4110 in 2009 to 12,200 in 2029 shown in exhibits ( ) . ( Boeing website )
Indian Aviation industry
India is the 9th largest air power market and one of the fastest turning industries in the universe. It has grown by about 400 % in a short span of 6 old ages. Government ‘s unfastened policies have allowed many abroad participants to come in in the market ensuing in growing both in footings of participants and figure of aircrafts. By now, around 75 % of the domestic market is owned by private companies. ( Aviation industry in India, 2009 )
Earlier, air travel could merely be afforded by few people and that excessively chiefly for concern intents. But now, with low menus due to increased demand and competition, figure of riders has increased drastically. The growing rate of figure of riders in India can be seen in exhibit figure.
“ India ‘s civil air power rider growing, at around 20 per cent, is among the highest in the universe. The sector is slated to cruise far in front of other Asiatic giants like China or even strong economic systems like France and Australia. The figure of riders who will be airborne by 2020 is a humongous 400 million ” harmonizing to Kapil Kaul, CEO, India and Middle East, Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation. ( Overview, Indian air power Industry, 2009 )
Noteworthy grounds for monolithic growing of the industry are-
Rise in Indian economic system
Liberalization of air power sector
Low Cost Carrier ( LCC ) flights
Government policy of 100 % equity allowance in Greenfield airdromes
Low entry barriers
Exponential addition in tourist figure due to open sky policy
Glamour of air hoses
The liberalisation has lead to the entry of private operators for concern chances in India. The air hoses choose an aircraft which is fuel efficient in order to supply low menus. More and more air hoses are looking for fuel efficient aircraft thereby, increasing the competition in the market taking to immense cut in air menus ensuing in monolithic growing of the industry. This growing has increased Indian GDP above 8 % degree. Furthermore, it has besides resulted in the addition in air traffic at a rate of 25 % in the travel section which is four times above international norm. ( Role of air power in Indian GDP )
Servicess provided by Aviation Companies
Different types of services are provided by these air power companies:
Normal rider scheduled flights
Charter flights for pilgrim’s journey in India
Hence there are different types of clients in the different sections both regional and international.
Indian air power industry was introduced in 1911 with Karachi-New Delhi flight. In 1932, JRD Tata foremost introduced Tata air hoses which in bend converted to Air India in 1946. In 1953, Government of India nationalized all air hose assets and formed Indian Airline Corporation for domestic air services along with Air India for international services. Until 1991, these two companies played monopoly in India. In 1991, Government of India allowed private companies to run hired and non-scheduled air hoses to elate Indian touristry, followed by allowing scheduled services in 1994. After that, major alterations have occurred in this section merely in last decennary i.e. after 2000. ( Aviation Industry in India, 2009 )
The decennary started with merely three place grown participants in the market- Air Sahara, Jet Airways and Air India. In 2003, Air Deccan came into the section and introduced low airfare bearer, doing the common adult male ‘s dream of winging, come true. It created revolution in the industry and many more budget air hoses like Spice Jet, Go Air and Indigo followed to come in in the market in following three old ages. At this clip, Kingfisher air hose was introduced and acquired Air Deccan. At the same clip, Jet Airways bought out Air Sahara.
This sudden outgrowth in the air power sector forced authorities to privatise major tube airdromes. Due to so much of denationalization, Air India started doing losingss and Government eventually merged Air India with Indian Airlines. Soon after, planetary crisis occurred and air power industry took a difficult hit. Fuel monetary values soared, air traffic dipped. No company made a net income at this clip and many were approximately to shut their services. By the terminal of November 2009, air power sector has accumulated loss of around 1.7 billion USD. ( A decennary of roars and bust-ups for the air power industry, 2010 )
Current Infrastructure of Indian Aviation Industry
Civil air power forms a really of import substructure in hiking trade and commercialism. About 30 % of India ‘s foreign trade is handled by airdromes.
Key findings of current Indian air power substructure are-
Presently, there are 454 airdromes and flight strips in India out of which, 16 are international and 111 are domestic airdromes.
97 Airports are operated by AAI ( Airport Authority of India ) .
A Greenfield airdrome is already operational at Bangalore and one at Hyderabad is traveling to be operational shortly.
Delhi ‘s IGI Airport is concern airdrome presently managing an norm of 843 flights per twenty-four hours.
Hyderabad airdrome ranked among top five airdromes of India in one-year Airport Sevice Quality ( ASQ ) Survey. It is managed by public private joint venture of GMR group, Malaysia Airport Holding Berhad and State Government of Andhra Pradesh.
India presently owns 335 aircrafts which is likely to increase to 1000 by 2020. ( Overview, Indian air power Industry, 2009 )
In the recent old ages, the free flow of goods and services in these emerging economic systems has contributed to increased air traffic and accordingly demand for new aeroplanes related services. Exhibit-2 shows the increasing demand for aeroplanes and their carrying capacity in the following 20 old ages which indicates the hereafter job of air traffic. The demand of the figure of aeroplanes after 20 old ages is about dual as compared to the present degree. From the exhibit, it can be seen that the highest addition in the demand of the size of aeroplanes is in the class of the individual aisle aeroplanes, which means that it will take to a serious job of air traffic and the handiness of airdromes. Harmonizing to Air India, while the domestic market witnessed a growing of 22 per cent in the January-April period this twelvemonth compared to the same period last twelvemonth, its domestic traffic posted a growing of 26 per cent. ( Air India clocks 16.7 % growing in figure of riders, 2010 )
Exhibit – 3 shows that there is a direct relationship of GDP of a state to the air traffic in the last four decennaries. Hence, in the underdeveloped states like India wherein GDP is expected to turn at a faster gait, the growing of air traffic is right forecasted to be enormous.
As India have placed the biggest order for aircrafts globally it ‘s an indicant to the addition in the handling problems-
Pushing more private participants in airdrome activities
Modernization of air hoses fleet to manage the turning competition
Rapid enlargement programs for the major airdromes
Development of regional airdromes
Airline foreign investing and liberalisation stimulates competition, provides riders more picks and lowers ticket monetary values therefore increases the demand for air travel, lending to GDP growing.
Recent progresss and investings in this industry show concealed potency and its growing narrative. This growing provides hassle free service to more clients and finishs and creates more occupation chances and growing for several other air power related concerns.
Current Infrastructure Bottlenecks of Indian Aviation Industry
As seen from the given informations of this study, Indian air power industry is one of the fastest turning industries in the universe. Number of riders in 2009, going through air hose was 393.53 deficiencies. This figure has increased by 18.93 % to 468.09 deficiencies in 2010. This is estimated to be turning to two to three creases till 2020. While the figure of riders and demand for other services are increasing with an astonishing growing rate, the figure of airdromes, aircrafts and overall investing prognosis shows that there is traveling to be immense demand supply spread in approaching hereafter. ( Corporate News, india Infoline, 2010 )
In the 11th Five twelvemonth program ( 2007-2012 ) , the authorities noticed the increasing growing rate of air power industry and taken stairss to better overall substructure of the industry. 11th program showed a monolithic budget for puting in air power industry which is about 3 times more than old one But even after these attempts, the demand is increasing to such a degree in last 2 old ages i.e. after delicate recovery from crisis that substructure is once more going the constriction of the air power industry. ( Eleventh Five Year Plan ( 2007-2012 ) , 2007 )
Key points of current constrictions of air power industry are-
Lack of aircrafts- “ The growing in the first-half of 2010 has been 22 per cent. However, it will non prolong and we think that about 12-15 per cent will be a sustainable 1. Indian air-carriers ‘ entire fleet-size presently stands at 335 and at a rider growing rate of 12-15 per centum yearly, they will necessitate 35-40 planes per twelvemonth to run into this demand. India will hold the highest growing in the following 20 old ages on a sustainable footing. ” Said Dinesh Keskar, Boeing India president. The demand prognosis boulder clay 2020 shows that there will be around 100 million for air power industry in 2020 ( Aviation industry in India, 2009 ) . That means India ‘s air power substructure must be adequate to manage 100 million clients in 2020, which is about 20 times the present 1. The growing rate in air power substructure is far less than required and it does n’t look to be carry throughing demand in 2020. And even at present, there is less figure of aircrafts and airdromes. So this issue, if non handled decently, will hold a snowball consequence on the industry and traveling to be a major issue in approaching old ages.
Lack of skilled manpower- Skilled work force helps proper control and back-up to several schedule/ non-schedule operations. There is a deficit of skilled work force and Air Traffic Controllers ( ATC ) in air power industry, which in bend, leads to a cut-throat competition for employees as a effect of which, rewards rises to an unsustainable degree. It once more hampers the growing of the industry by increasing overall costs of the air hoses and therefore cut downing demand. Another issue of concern of unequal work force is that unskilled or semi-skilled employees are non capable of managing demand expeditiously. This issue besides creates a constriction in the industry. Overall we can state that in approaching old ages, this is traveling to be a large concern for air power industry and will halter growing to a major extent. ( Indian Aviation Industry: Issues & A ; Challenges )
Lack of Airports and other related facilities- Due to less figure of airdromes and their single capacities, congestion costs are increasing. Many flights get delayed due to inadequate substructure installations. This in bend, increases the overall operating costs of air hoses ensuing in fewer net incomes particularly for low cost bearers ( LCC ) air hoses. This forces air hoses to increase their menu which is damaging to growing of the industry as increase in menus leads to decrease in demand. Besides, regional connectivity is a large issue in haltering growing of the industry as more and more metropoliss are developing in footings of concern and investings. For illustration, Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh, has a limited airdrome capacity and flights are available merely for Delhi and Mumbai. Other installations at airdromes, like eating houses, besides have limited capacities as compared to demand.
Efficient direction of this Airport substructure can be achieved by increasing engagement of private sector
Proper coordination with other manners of conveyance for trade and travel should be emphasized
Proper universe category substructure need to be done in order to keep the turning demand and guaranting maximal use of available capacities.
The development and execution of the modernisation of Air traffic direction will increase system capacity ; lower operating costs for the air power companies, reduces fuel burn, and improves the rider ‘s experience as holds and cancellations are reduced. Due to the deficiency of substructure betterments, capacity restraints will impede industry growing.
Giovanni Bisignani, Director General and CEO of the International Air Transport Association ( IATA ) , has called on India to give way to the attempts in determining future air power policies, including environment and commercial freedoms. “ In a few old ages, Asia Pacific will be the largest individual air power market. India is a cardinal driver of that growing. India ‘s tremendous size makes it an of import market. ” ( Overview, Indian air power Industry, 2009 )
The Road Ahead
A jutting investing of $ 8.5 billion is planned in 11th program for the development of Indian airdromes.
Another Greenfield airdrome is planned at Navi Mumbai by public private partnership.
Over the following five old ages, Airport Authority of India has planned a monolithic investing of US $ 3.07 billion – 43 per cent of which will be for the three tube airdromes in Kolkata, Chennai and Trivandrum, and the remainder will travel into upgrading other non-metro airdromes and modernizing the bing aeronautical installations.
The demand for corporate jets in India has gone up well in the past few old ages and is likely to turn double by the terminal of 2011. To further fuel the quickly turning private jet industry, the authorities has programs of developing over 300 excess flight strips in the state. The work will be carried out in a phased mode subsequent to the enlargement and development of 35 non-metro airdromes by 2010. The authorities programs to concentrate on flight strips near major metropoliss in order to alleviate major airdromes from their burgeoning traffic.
Additionally, the authorities is besides sing a new policy to allow private flight strips in the state. The Indian civil air power curate, Praful Patel has said that India will necessitate around 300 to 400 private jets in the following three to five old ages. The demand for private jets can even see a growing rate of about 50 per cent on a year-to-year footing.
A sum sum of $ 110 billion has been planned to be invested till 2020, out of which $ 80 billion is for adding new aircraft. The air power ministry is be aftering to put the staying $ 30 billion for overhauling the bing airdromes in order to manage the turning figure of riders every twelvemonth. ( Overview, Indian air power Industry, 2009 )
Exhibit 1: Growth of air power industry part wise and its steps
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Exhibit 2: Demand of Airplanes by type ( Worldwide )
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Exhibit 3: Forecasted growing and portion of fleet
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Exhibit 4: Direct relationship between GDP of a state and the air traffic growing
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Exhibit 4: Market portion of different Indian air power companies
Name of the company
Jet Airways and Jet Lite ( antecedently Air Sahara )
Kingfisher Airlines and Kingfisher Red ( antecedently Air Deccan )
Exhibit 5: Market portion of different economic system
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Exhibit 6: Forecasted Traffic volume in 2028 in footings of multiple of current volumes
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Exhibit 7: Forecasted traffic volume in footings of Numberss
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Exhibit 8: Forecasted air traffic in India
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