What is truth? said jesting Pilate. and would non remain for an reply. Surely at that place be. that delectation in silliness. and number it a bondage to repair a belief ; affecting1 free-will in thought. every bit good as in moving. And though the religious orders of philosophers of that kind2 be gone. yet there remain certain discoursing3 marbless. which are of the same venas. though at that place be non so much blood in them. as was in those of the ancients. But it is non merely the trouble and labour. which work forces take in happening out of truth. nor once more. that when it is found. it imposeth upon4 men’s ideas. that doth bring lies in favour ; but a natural though corrupt love. of the prevarication itself. One of the ulterior school5 of the Grecians. examineth the affair. and is at a base. to believe what should be in it. that work forces should love prevarications ; where neither they make for pleasance. as with poets. nor for advantage. as with the merchandiser ; but for the lie’s interest.
But I can non state ; this same truth. is a bare. and unfastened day-light. that doth non demo the masks. and flummeries. and triumphs. of the universe. half so stately and daintily as candle-lights. Truth may possibly come to the monetary value of a pearl. that showeth best by twenty-four hours ; but it will non lift to the monetary value of a diamond. or carbuncle. that showeth best in varied visible radiations. A mixture of a prevarication doth of all time add pleasance. Doth any adult male uncertainty. that if there were taken out of men’s heads. vain sentiments. blandishing hopes. false ratings. imaginativenesss as one would. and the similar. but it would go forth the heads. of a figure of work forces. hapless shriveled things. full of melancholy and indisposition. and graceless to themselves?
One of the male parents. in great badness. called poetry vinum doemonum. because it filleth the imaginativeness ; and yet. it is but with the shadow of a prevarication. But it is non the prevarication that passeth through the head. but the prevarication that sinketh in. and settleth in it. that doth the injury ; such as we spake of earlier. But. howsoever these things are therefore in men’s depraved judgements. and fondnesss. yet truth. which merely doth justice itself. teacheth that the enquiry of truth. which is the love-making. or courting of it. the cognition of truth. which is the presence of it. and the belief of truth. which is the enjoying of it. is the autonomous good of human nature. The first animal of God. in the plants of the yearss. was the visible radiation of the sense ; the last. was the visible radiation of ground ; and his Sabbath work of all time since. is the light of his Spirit.
First he breathed visible radiation. upon the face of the affair or pandemonium ; so he breathed visible radiation. into the face of adult male ; and still he breatheth and inspireth visible radiation. into the face of his chosen. The poet6. that beautified the sect7. that was otherwise inferior to the remainder. saith yet magnificently good: It is a pleasance. to stand upon the shore. and to see ships tossed upon the sea ; a pleasance. to stand in the window of a palace. and to see a conflict. and the escapades thereof below: but no pleasance is comparable to the standing upon the vantage land of truth ( a hill non to be commanded. and where the air is ever clear and calm ) . and to see the mistakes. and rovings. and mists. and storms. in the valley below ; so ever that this chance be with commiseration. and non with swelling. or pride. Surely. it is heaven upon Earth. to hold a man’s head move in charity. remainder in Providence. and turn upon the poles of truth.
To go through from theological. and philosophical truth. to the truth of civil concern ; it will be acknowledged. even by those that practise it non. that clear. and circular dealing. is the award of man’s nature ; and that mixture of falsities. is similar metal in coin of gold and Ag. which may do the metal work the better. but it embaseth it. For these twist. and crooked classs. are the departures of the snake ; which goeth meanly upon the belly. and non upon the pess. There is no frailty. that doth so cover a adult male with shame. as to be found false and punic.
And hence Montaigne saith prettily. when he inquired the ground. why the word of the prevarication should be such a shame. and such an abominable charge? Saith he. If it be good weighed. to state that a adult male lieth. is every bit much to state. as that he is courageous towards God. and a coward towards work forces. For a prevarication faces God. and psychiatrists from adult male. Surely the evil of falsity. and breach of religion. can non perchance be so extremely expressed. as in that it shall be the last roll. to name the judgements of God upon the coevalss of work forces ; it being foretold. that when Christ cometh. he shall non happen faith upon the Earth.
Note 1. Loving.
Note 2. The Skeptics
Note 3. Latin. windy and rambling
Note 4. Restricts
Note 5. Lucian.
Note 6. Lucretius
Note 7. Epicures.
As a matter-of-fact and as an empirical mind Bacon subscribed to the cardinal Renaissance ideals—Sepantia ( hunt for cognition ) and Eloquentia ( the art of rhetoric ) . Here in the essay Of Truth he supplements his hunt for truth by traveling back to the theories of the classical minds and besides by taking out analogies from mundane life. It is to be noted here that his explication of the subject is impassioned and he succeeds in supplying about impersonal opinions on the affair. Again. it is seen that Bacon’s last essays. though written in the same axiomatic mode. stylistically are different in that he supplied more analogies and illustrations to back up or explicate his statements. As this essay belongs to the latter group. we find ample analogies and illustrations. Bacon. while explicating the grounds as to why people evade truth. negotiations of the Greek philosophical school of skeptics. set up by Pyrro. Those philosophers would oppugn the cogency of truth and invariably change their sentiments.
Bacon says that now people are like those philosophers with the of import difference that they lack their force and doggedness of statement. He says that like him the Greek philosopher Lucian was every bit puzzled at the fact that people are more attracted to prevarications and are antipathetic to truth. Bacon is surprised by the fact that people are loathed to happen out or even acknowledge truth in life. It seems to him that this is an unconditioned human inclination to make so. He finds grounds in support of his statements in the behavior of the ancient Grecian skeptics who used to oppugn the cogency of truth and would hold no fixed beliefs. Bacon thinks that people behave like those philosophers. But he understands that they lack their strength of statements. He so finds the Grecian philosopher Lucian. while sing the affair. was every bit baffled.
Lucian investigated and found that poets like prevarications because those provides pleasance. and that business communities have to state prevarications for doing net income. But he could non come to a definite decision as to why people should love prevarications. Bacon says that work forces love falsity because truth is like the bright visible radiation of the twenty-four hours and would demo up gaudery and luster of human life for what they are. They look attractive and colorful in the dim visible radiation of prevarications. Work force prefer to care for semblances. which make life more interesting. Bacon here gives an interesting analogy of truth and falsity. He says that the value of truth is like that of a pearl. which shines best in the day-light. while a prevarication is like a diamond or carbuncle. which shines best bring forthing varied beams in subdued visible radiation of tapers. He comes to the decision that people love falsity because it produces fanciful pleasance about life.
Bacon besides examines the statement of one of the early Church governments. which badly condemned poesy as the vino of the Satans. Bacon here shows that even the highest art of man—poetry. is composed of prevarications. He seems to hold compounded the two statements made by two early Christian minds. He agrees with St Augustine who criticized poesy as “the vino of error” . and with Hironymous. who condemned poesy as “the nutrient of demons” . The equation is that. since the Satan or Satan plants by falsity. prevarications are its nutrient. Poetry tends to be Satanic because it resorts to falsehood while bring forthing artistic pleasance. Bacon. nevertheless. makes a differentiation here between poetic falsehood and captivation with falsity in mundane life. He thinks that poetic falsehood is non harmful. as it does non go forth permanent feelings on the head and character of a individual.
On the other manus. the lies. which are embedded in the head and control and modulate every idea and action of a individual. are harmful. Bacon refers to the Epicurean philosophy of pleasance. attractively expressed by the celebrated poet of that school. Lucretius. who considered the realisation of truth to be the highest pleasance of life. Bacon says that the value of truth is understood by those who have experienced it. The enquiry. cognition and the belief of truth are the highest accomplishments that human existences can prosecute. He amplifies the affair by giving an analogy from the Bible. Harmonizing to him. God created the visible radiation of the senses foremost so that work forces could see the universe around them. The last thing he created. harmonizing to him. was the visible radiation of ground. that is. the rational module. Bacon here interestingly remarks that. since he finished the work of Creation. God has been spreading the visible radiation of His spirit in world.
He supports his statement by mentioning to the Epicurean theory of pleasance attractively expressed by Lucretius who held that there is no greater pleasance than that given by the realisation of truth. The acme of truth can non be conquered and there is tranquility on this extremum from which one can study the mistakes and follies of work forces as they go through their tests ; but this study should non make full the spectator with commiseration and non with pride. The kernel of celestial life on this Earth lies in the changeless love of charity. an firm trust in God. and steady commitment to truth. At the reasoning subdivision of the essay Bacon explains the value of truth in civil personal businesss of life.
He is witting of the fact that civil life goes on with both truth and falsity. He feels that the mixture of falsity with truth may sometimes turn out to be profitable. But it shows the lower status of the adult male who entertains it. This is. he says. like the composing of an metal. which is stronger but inferior in pureness. He so compares this sort of manner of life to that of a snake. which is a symbol of Satan itself. Bacon finds a dramatic similarity between the crooked and average devices adopted by people and the zigzag motions of a snake. To clear up his point more clearly. Bacon quotes Montaigne who said that a adult male. who tells prevarications. is afraid of his fellow work forces but is fearless of God who is all comprehending. Bacon concludes his statements by stating that falsity is the tallness of evil. and such that it will ask for the wrath of God on Doomsday.
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