The book of John is extremely Christological, soteriological and theological. The accent of the book is to believe in Christ as the Son of God. This 4th Gospel in the canon of the New Testament contains an history of some of the actions and expressions of Jesus of Nazareth. John the apostle amongst the 12 was the lone 1 who could brush the critical and theological facets of Jesus ‘ ministry than the Synoptic authors.
Writing and Date
Critical bookmans ne’er acknowledges ‘ John as the author of the Gospel. However, the early church male parents and tradition identifies Him merely as ‘the adherent whom Jesus loved ‘ ( 21:20 ; 13:23 ) .[ 1 ]The inquiry as respects to the day of the month is besides debateable. Scholars have dated the book someplace between ‘A.D 70 and 100 ‘ since the devastation of the Temple was about this clip.[ 2 ]
John ‘s Gospel is regarded as the 2nd Century theological readings of the life of Jesus utilizing the linguistic communication and thought signifiers of Hellenistic Philosophy. His Gospel has a Judaic background and originated in Palestine by the early traditions and linguistic communication, due to the funny usage of Aramaic grammar in Grecian authorship. This suggests that the Aramaic was the writers ‘ native linguistic communication. However, there are Archaeological finds which back up the thought that it was a late Hellenistic Gospel. In the Dead Sea coils was found ‘the truth, walking in darkness, Sons of visible radiation and Spirit of truth. ‘[ 3 ]John referred to it as the ‘fourth Gospel ‘ because it appeared after the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke. All the four focussed on the events of Jesus ‘ life and Ministry, with minor exclusions to John ‘s Gospel because of its construction and attacks.[ 4 ]Merely in John does Jesus talk at length about Himself and big treatment held with His adherents. His public ministry and miracles non found in the Synoptic, possibly raising Lazarus from the dead. Jesus holding become the fear and the object of John ‘s Gospel but, certain elements of the synoptic ( fables, the 2nd approaching and dispossessions ) such are non found in John.
The Gospel of John has 21Chapters. The other three portrays what Jesus did and taught, but the Gospel of John moved beyond the facts of Jesus ‘ life to deeper significance. Events and miracles are kept to a lower limit as to tag the book a symbol of its sort. The book is structured into two parts a book of ‘Signs ‘ and a book of ‘glory. ‘[ 5 ]
The Signs portrays the personality of Jesus Christ as the Lord of host and reveals the singularity of the male parent and the Son as the one true God. Scholars calls this the Prologue in ( 1- 12 ) , and the glorification which is Jesus ‘ passion is seen as the epilogue ( 13-21 ) . The prologue and the epilogue nevertheless, are the most Soteriological and theologically facets of this book which reveals the Logos as the incarnate word of God in the flesh.
It is besides the beginning of His Godhead personality and we assumed that the manifestation of the power of God is the Glory revealed in Christ. John in his analysis wrote from a stopping point and confidant family with his maestro, he walked where Jesus walked, and saw the miracles or ‘Signs. ‘ He besides witnessed the glorification of God ‘s Son and the crucified Christ or King on the cross.[ 6 ]His risen and exultant triumph over decease, John significantly stresses on the events of Jesus ‘ life ministry so that we, excessively, might believe that Jesus is the Christ.
The book of John has a brilliant intent: ‘these things are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may hold life in His name ( 20:31 ) .[ 7 ]Certain people think that to believe in Jesus seemingly need a definite mark or miracle. But the accent in John ‘s authorship is that the universe might believe in Christ, in order to have ageless life through Christ as the Son of God. The cardinal subject of the book which is God ‘s love summarises his message. God ‘s godly personality is revealed in Jesus Christ as the one of whom all the worship is due ( 9:38 ) .
John ‘s Christology
The Christology of John is really high. He revealed Jesus Christ as the manifestation of the ageless word whose immortal Spirit remains of all time present with the believing Christians. The Gospel gives far more focus to the revealed relation of the Son to the male parent. One brilliant facet of John ‘s Gospel is that many have used it to unite the unity of the male parent, Son and of the Holy Spirit as Trinity ( 14:17 ; 15:26 ) .
John includes far more direct claims of Jesus being the lone Son of God than the Synoptic Gospels. He besides focuses on the relation of the Jesus to trusters and the proclamation of the Holy Spirit as the Comforter ( Greek Paraclete ) , and the prominence of love as an component in the Christians religion.[ 8 ]
John is alone among the Gospel authors. His book attracts his audience to read. His presentation of Christ as the incarnate word of God Logos ( Greek ) and his Christological accent based on the Person of Christ continues to pull the attending of critical bookmans to analyze the book. The Soteriological and theological facets of the book can non be underestimated. The glorious branchings and the unification facets of John Gospel is the usage of the word ‘logos and unity of the male parent, Son and of the Holy Spirit. John is a alone book that every theological minded individual would wish to read.