Dissertation Research Proposals

Area: The human rights of the Refugees and Asylum Seekers and responses from public and private institutes

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Keywords: Human Rights Protection, Refugee, Asylum Policy, Home Office, NGOs

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A comparing of the relation between NGOs and the UK Government in Human Rights Protection and the demands of it on the Refugees and Asylum Seekers

Rationale of Dissertation

The purpose of the thesis is to research the ‘interesting’ relationship between Human Rights NGOs and the authorities in the UK, advancing the importance of Human Rights protection on the refugees and refuge searchers. Simply, to researching the function and power of NGOs’ to the authorities, how good NGOs can impact authorities policy on bettering the lives and intervention conditions of refuge searchers and refugees. How effectual are the NGOs in buttonholing / negociating the Home office refuge and refugee policy? What can either side do to better? Is the British Government paying adequate attending to do certain the refuge searchers and refugees basking their necessary rights?

The ground I want to research in this subject is because during my placement clip with Refugee Council and RAPAR, I have noticed that there is a tug-of-war between Home Office and the Human Rights NGOs. My early research revealed that there are ever a deficiency of communicating, consensus and confusion between the two on bettering the conditions of refugee. I feel like the Government are disregarding their demands and rights because they do non project many ballots, and this must alter. Problems besides arise within the NGOs interior circle. In the UK, there are assortment of human rights NGOs, e.g. Liberty, Refugee Council, Amnesty International UK, British Institute of Human Rights, RAPAR and more. Within these administrations, some are good resourced, some are less, some tend to hold a good relationship with the authorities, and the others do non. Some focal point in actions, and some focal point on research. Because of the huge sum of different human-centered NGOs, there is deficiency of groundss demoing that these administrations are working co-operatively to accomplish the common end, this may be due to the fact that they all have different methods, policies and resources in covering with the Home Office. The ulterior ‘Structure and Focus’ subdivision would cover more land on it.

However, I am non stating that the authorities are wholly disregarding their rights, the place office do hold some asylum benefits policy in topographic point. My unfavorable judgment is merely that is merely non plenty. As a background, I will name out of some facts and informations from UNHCR web site to demo the current UK’s refuge policy. The Numberss of refuge searchers in the UK by the terminal of 2013, there are 126,055 refugees and 23,070 pending refuge instances ( UNHCR 2013 Global Trends Report ) . The bulk of refuge searchers do non hold the right to work in the United Kingdom and so must trust on province support. Housing is provided, but they can non take the location, and it is normally ‘hard to let’ belongingss with hapless conditions. Cash support is available, and is presently set at ?36.62 per individual, per hebdomad, which makes it?5.23a twenty-four hours for nutrient, sanitation and vesture ( UNHCR ) . You can see from that, they may be respects as the underside of the society and their custodies are tight, they are extremely dependent on Government reforms to better their position.

Methodology and Literatures Review

In footings of the research methodological analysis of this thesis, I intend to utilize both Qualitative and Quantitative research methods, with a mixture of both primary and secondary resource due to the nature of the research country. Furthermore, in order of me to make a more in-depth survey of this subject, I plan on utilizing instance surveies to develop my statements as it would seems to be the best manner to look at different point of views.

Using a secondary resource can supply me with different analysis, positions and decisions other than the first manus research, this can be good as I can see how other bookmans have interpreted or analysed the original resource, offering a clearer understand of the intended beginning. As for the literatures review, it is to explicate the type of literatures that are already exist and my program on utilizing them. The bulk of literatures in this thesis will be based on official studies and publication, academic books, articles and official web sites. I intended to utilize these beginnings to make a instance survey of British refuge searchers and refugees rights.

There will be a batch of footings that the reader may non be familiar with, so all my definitions will come up these academic beginning. For illustration, plentifulness of the key footings and statistics will be draw from theOffice of the High Commissioner for Human Rightspaperss, harmonizing to its papers of the Article 1 of the UN Convention associating to the Status of Refugees of 28 July 1951 paragraph A ( 2 ) ,

“ A individual tenable fright of being persecuted for grounds of race, faith, nationality, rank of a peculiar societal group or political sentiment. ”

Another purpose would be utilizing other scholar articles to critically analyze what these bookmans had said already in footings of the policy of the authorities, and utilize these to endorse up my statements. For illustration, composing like theAsylum searchers and refugees in Britain – Health demandsof refuge searchers and refugees( 2001 ) ,Human Rights and Refugee( 2014 ) andStrangers at the Gate: Human Rights and Refugee Protection( 1999 ) had made some item analysis on the affair refugee intervention in the UK.

My program is to utilize official’s publications and paperss as the primary research resource. Documentation such as human right research studies, NGOs internal policy studies, Home Office refuge policy publications and such, from both human right research establishments and Government itself. Additionally, I would besides use with the Home Office and certain NGOs web sites for any up to day of the month information, and any available literatures such as scholar diaries articles to construct on and endorse up my instance. Furthermore, I would make an inner comparing of two well-funded NGOs poetry one or two less-funded NGOs and see who have affected the authorities refuge policy the most.

If programs go consequently, I would besides utilize qualitative base interviews to acquire any first-hand information or information that has non yet been asked or done before. It would be extremely good as I could inquire the interviewees some crisp and direct designed inquiries that would suit intentionally for my research. However, there are some restrictions to this methods as I have explained in the ‘research restriction and solution’ subdivision. If I could non carry on any interviews myself, the 2nd best solution would be for me to delve up some pervious done interviews for reappraisal as a secondary beginnings.

On the one manus, garnering beginnings from these administrations would be more dependable because of their transparence. Such studies tends to hold cross checked and carefully conducted. On the other manus, this would make a little job as authorities publication tends to be bias on some occasions. It is important for me to carefully and critically analyse official statistics for truth and cogency to avoid any error.

Structure and Focus


This portion would briefly lineation with topic principle, ground of involvements, background information and some basic definitions and methodological analysis attack. ( 1000 words )

Chapter One

This portion would include a elaborate literatures review, definitions and theories. ( 3500 words )

Chapter Two

Case Studies of a legion of different Humanitarian assistance NGOs relationships with the authorities and measuring its effectivity. ( 4000 words )

Chapter Three

Explain and use the consequences and theories from the old chapter on to what NGOs and the Government could make in the hereafter. ( 3000 words )


Summary of all the chapters and the decision of the chief statements raised. ( 1500 words )


It would include any images, graphs, any statistics informations or the type up of ( if ) any interviews conducted.


A list of literatures used in the thesis.

The Introduction of my thesis I will speak about the docket of the thesis and explicate what and how I plan on argue in the undermentioned chapters. It aims to give out a clear apprehension to the reader why I have choose this subject to research on, what I aim to accomplish. It would explained to the reader an lineation on what he is expected to read in each chapters, along with my theoretic attacks and some get downing up definitions.

In Chapter 1, I would hold a elaborate literatures review, discoursing the current available literatures on the subject on refuge searchers and refugee in relation to human rights. Answering why is the protection of Human Rights is Important on Asylum searchers and Refugee utilizing theory. Specifying cardinal footings that I would cover in the thesis, give a theoretical background that would take up to chapter 2.

In Chapter 2, I would travel into the chief portion of the thesis, developing my statements. I would look in the country like the current Torahs and process that are already put in topographic point by the authorities. Example would wish the one I have reference before, the hard currency support systems or national dispersion strategy. Second, I would concentrate on the pros and cons of these NGOs relationship with the authorities. For illustration, holding a good relationship ( holding a authorities representative as a board member ) may entitle to more support, but so they will be relied on it, NGOs policies would switch towards the authorities policies, and frailty versa. Another possible purpose would be analyse on what NGOs have done? The Strategies they used on protecting the rights of these refugees. For illustration, Lawsuits, protest, media force per unit areas and so on. The Success and Failure of these methods. To sum up, I will fundamentally concentrate on two of import dimensions of NGOs’ support and ministerial rank or aid, judging how may it affects its effectivity and lobbying on certain undertakings.

In Chapter 3, I would utilize the consequences collected and analysed in chapter 2, to come up with a item sum-up on which methods seems to be the most effectual with the least side consequence that can acquire the intended consequences. Come up with a suggestion on how could these administrations improve on the successful 1s and abandoned on the negative 1s, furthermore, how could such success apply to others charity administrations as good.

Finally in the decision, I would briefly summarize with all the chief points argued, perchance discourse on any restrictions and challenges I have faced, thought to better on this research, no new information would come up.

Research Limitations and Solutions

Every researches have it restrictions, and for this peculiar research, by this point so far, it arises with four major challenges.

First, it would be difficult to successfully set uping interviews with either side of the representatives of the NGOs and related governmental sections. This is because it is difficult for me to acquire any responses or answer from them so far. I have tried to acquire in touch with the place office and the local council by telephone call and electronic mail but I got no or negative feedback from them. The local council said that they are non the ‘right person’ to speak to as they do non makes or contributes adequate to the refuges and refugee policies. I should reach the Home Office Immigration Department or [ antecedently known as the Broader Agency ] alternatively. I besides tried to reach the Home Office by electronic mail, but I guess they are excessively busy with their bureaucratism so I have got no answer from them so far. On the NGOs side, as my purpose is to interview members of the board so that I could acquire a much ‘accurate and reliable’ positions from them, the troubles in here is that they are frequently excessively busy to hold making an interview with a ‘nobody’ like me, and I have been told to do an assignment with their secretary. The lone major NGOs I have manage to acquire in touch with so is the British Institute of Human Rights, the lone available timeslot is during the first hebdomad of July. Nonetheless, even when it is successful, due to the clip bounds, it will be difficult for the both of us to set up a clip that both tantrums.

Second, if I can acquire an interview with any representatives from the either side, there is a large hazard that they may non wish to state you everything or at least non all of the truth. They may besides desire to test out some of my inquiries as they may non be prepare to reply some peculiar inquiries, hence, I would non able to supply an accurate consequences of my research. Furthermore, if I can merely acquire clasp of merely one side of the interviewees or little figure of them, the informations collected would non be dependable adequate or excessively bias, in the worst instance scenario, I may hold to abandon the interview method. If that is the instance, I may so hold to concentrate on Qualitative Research.

Third, there are big sum of NGOs which mean each of their policies are different, my consequence may non use to all of them. Each NGOs have their ain manner in buttonholing with the place offices and their types of methods are different, it is harder for me to compare all of these methods in order to measure the efficiencies. I may hold to contract down to may be three to four NGOs who all applied with the same or similar methods for me to come up with a comparison and evaluate.

Finally, there is a limited clip frame for me to research on this wide ongoing subject country. The country on the demands of human rights protections for these ‘vulnerable’ people are frequently debated and uninterrupted. I merely have approximately 6 to 8 months to research this really depth subject, it would be difficult for me to thoroughly and once and for all supply a concluding consequence.

As this is merely at the beginning phases, there may be other restrictions arise in the ulterior phase, I would hold to take it and happen a solution of it.


Date/ Time Period


May 12 – May 30

Continued to read and make more literatures research on the subject country.

June 1 – June 15

Write and Finish the debut and e-mail it to the supervisor.

June 15 – June 25

Write Chapter 1 and set up a meeting with the supervisor for feedback ( 2neodymiumclip ) .

June 26 – July 18

( Hopefully can acquire some positive responds from the different NGOs and Government Departments for leting me to make interviews ) . Otherwise, Write Chapter 2 and e-mail it to the supervisor in the interim.

July 19 – July 30

Meet with the supervisor for feedback ( 3rdclip ) on the work so far and better on it every bit good as start to compose Chapter 3.

July 31 – August 20

Completing with Chapter 3 and get down on the decisions. Meet with the supervisor ( 4Thursdayclip ) for feedback.

August 21 – August 30

Completing with the decisions, and finalise with any alterations on all the chapters and meet with the supervisor ( 5Thursdayclip ) for any last proceedingss betterment and changes.

August 31 – September 6

Have the whole Dissertation finished, proof read and dual cheque with all the mentions, arrange a concluding meeting with the supervisor ( 6Thursdayclip ) on any last proceedingss minor alterations. Start binding and ready to subject.

September 7

Submit the thesis

* Please note, set uping interviews with NGOs and Government Departments are one of the major troubles in this peculiar research, as explained in the restrictions subdivisions in item. Date may change and may non precisely go consequently due to clip. Furthermore, I would be flexible to any alterations or development during the clip of composing this well planned timetable is simply an purpose and guidelines.


To reason, basking human rights is a must for everyone sing for the race, nationality or position. Peoples more than frequently turn a unsighted oculus on the conditions and interventions towards refuge searchers and refugees whom seeks aid and protection. Government tends to concentrate less on refuge searchers and refugees policy and required the public and human rights Nongovernmental organization to supervise the state of affairs, otherwise, authorities would merely make the bare lower limit. The thesis aims to undertake this state of affairs and to advance the necessity of guaranting these people have an equal rights as everyone else. Aiming to happen a solution on how could both NGOs and Home Office to make better for these people in demands. This proposal should be able to supply to the reader a clear lineation on the grounds and aims on why I think it would be curial to research in. However, this is merely a proposal so any programs made in this may differ from the concluding piece of work.

Extended Bibliography

Barnett, M. and Duvall, R. ( 2014 ) . ‘International organisations and the diffusion of power’ in Weiss, T. G. and Wilkinson, R. ( explosive detection systems )International Organization and Global Governance.London: Routledge.

BBC News. ( 2001 )Q & A ; A: Refuge searcher dispersion. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/1477491.stm ( Accessed: 14 March 2015 )

Burnett, A ; Peel, M. ( 2001 ) . ‘Asylum searchers and refugees in Britain – Health demands of refuge searchers and refugees’ ,British Medical Journal, 322 ( 7285 ) , pp. 544-547

De Zayas, A. ( 2014 ) . ‘Human Rights and Refugee’ ,Nordic Journal of International Law,61 ( 1-4 ) , pp. 253-258.

De Zayas, A. ( 2014 ) . ‘Migration and Human Rights’ ,Nordic Journal of International Law,61 ( 1-4 ) , pp. 243-252.

Goodhart, M. ( 2009 ) .Human Rights: Politicss and Practice. Oxford University Press.

Harvey, C. J. ( 1999 ) . ‘Strangers at the Gate: Human Rights and Refugee Protection’ ,Irish Studies in International Affairs, ( 10 ) , pp. 7-20.

Ivison, D. ( 2010 ) . Human Rights, in Bell, D. ( explosive detection systems. )Ethical motives in World Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 239-255.

Joseph, J. ( 2010 ) . ‘The bounds of governmentality: Social theory and the international’ ,European Journal of International Relations, 16, 2. pp. 223-246.

Loescher, G. ( 1999 ) . Refugees: a planetary homo rights and security crisis, in Dunne, T. and Wheeler, N.J. ( explosive detection systems. )Human rights in planetary political relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 233-258.

Moreno, A ; Piwowarczyk, L ; Grodin, MA. ( 2001 ) . ‘Human Rights Misdemeanors and Refugee Health’Jama-Journal Of The American Medical Association, 285 ( 9 ) , pp. 1215-1215.

Orchard, P. ( 2014 ) . ‘Revisiting Human-centered Safe Areas for Civilian Protection’ , p.55-75 in Thakur, R et Al.Global Administration: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations,20 ( 1 ) , p.1-171

Refugee Council. ( 2013 ) .Footings and definitions.Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.refugeecouncil.org.uk/glossary ( Accessed: 03 March 2015 )

Scholte, J.A. ( 2014 ) . ‘Civil society and NGOs’ , in Thomas G. Weiss and Rorden Wilkinson ( explosive detection systems )International Organization and Global Governance.London: Routledge.

Sending, O. and Neumann, I.B. ( 2006 ) . ‘Governance to Governmentality: Analysing NGOs, States and Power’ ,International Studies Quarterly, 50, 3, pp. 651-672.

United nationsOffice for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. ( 2012 ) “OCHA on Message: Protection” [ Online ] .Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Documents/120405 % 20OOM % 20Protection % 20final % 20draft.pdf ( Accessed: 26 Feb 2015 ) .

UN Refugee Agency. ( 2012 ) .The Facts: Refuge in the UK. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unhcr.org.uk/about-us/the-uk-and-asylum.html ( Accessed: 26 Feb 2015 )

United Nation Human Rights. ( 1951 )Convention associating to the Status of Refugees.Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/StatusOfRefugees.aspx ( Accessed: 15 Feb 2015 )

Weiss, T. G. and Wilkinson, R. ( 2014 ) . ‘International Organization and Global Governance: What affairs and why’ , in Weiss, T. G. and Wilkinson, R. ( explosive detection systems )International Organization andGlobal AdministrationLondon: Routledge. pp. 3-17.

Whittaker, D. ( 2005 ) .Asylum Seekers and Refugees in the Contemporary World ( The Making of the Contemporary World ). Routledge.

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