The term Pentateuch comes from the Grecian footings penta ( “ five ” ) and teuchos ( “ axial rotation of composing stuff ” ) . Jews name the Pentateuch the Torah or jurisprudence. The New Testament refers to these five books as the jurisprudence of Moses.

There are three grounds why we believe Moses wrote the Pentateuch.

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The Pentateuch itself identifies Moses as the writer. It says Moses received the Ten Commandments on Sinai, and heA radius or wrote the Pentateuch ‘s Torahs, narrations, and vocals.[ 2 ]

The remainder of the Old Testament recognizes Moses ‘ as the writer of the Pentateuch.[ 3 ]

Jesus and the New Testament writers refer to the Pentateuch as the Law of Moses.[ 4 ]

What is the JEDP Theory? After Moses completed the Pentateuch, few questioned him as the writer for over 3000 old ages.[ 5 ]But in the last few centuries, some progressives have followed the JEDP theory. The writers of this book reject the JEDP theory- and note that those who created it did non believe in the inspiration of Scripture as we do, nor the divinity of Christ and His Resurrection. Still, any modern pupil of the Pentateuch should be cognizant of this unbiblical theory called JEDP.

In brief, the JEDP theory claims that there were four writers, who completed the Pentateuch about a millenary after Moses died. They refer to the four writers as J, E, D, and P:

J is imagined to be an writer who refers to God as Jehovah.

Tocopherol is supposed to be the writer who calls God Elohim.

D is thought to be the writer of Deuteronomy

P is the writer they invent as a Priest, who wrote approximately priestly responsibilities.

In contrast to the JEDP theory, we believe Moses used different names of God for his intents. For illustration, in Genesis 1, he called God Elohim-to emphasize He is the mighty Creator God. In Genesis 2, Moses refers to God as Yahweh, the personal God who relates to mankind.

As Spurgeon said, seeking to rebut all the expostulations of *infidels is like reasoning with the moving ridges of the sea-they ne’er end. We reject the JEDP theory, and affirm that Moses wrote the Pentateuch, for the three grounds above. And we recall what Jesus said happens if the unsighted lead the blind. The JEDP theory has no footing in history. For no J, E, D, or P paperss have of all time been found. And no ancient Jewish or Christian bookman of all time hinted that these paperss existed.[ 6 ]

B. Date that Moses completed the Pentateuch

Two things guide us to believe Moses finished the Pentateuch near 1450 BC.

First Kings states that Solomon began constructing the temple “ in the four hundred and 80th twelvemonth after the Israelites had come out of Egypt, in the 4th twelvemonth of his reign ” ( 1 Kgs 6:1 ) . History tells us that the 4th twelvemonth of Solomon ‘s reign was 966 BC.[ 7 ]So if we go back 480 old ages before, we are at 1446 BC.

Fig. 1. ? Time line demoing the relation of Moses to Solomon and the temple

A Archaeological finds support a day of the month of about 1450 B.C. for the beginning of the Pentateuch.[ 8 ]For illustration, finds from patriarchal times reveal narratives, societal patterns, and Torahs similar to what we see in Genesis and the Mosaic statute law. And records from Moses ‘ clip list the same states that the Israelites met in the wilderness and in Canaan.

These two things point to a day of the month of around 1450 for the beginning of the Pentateuch.

C. Why Study the Pentateuch?

Let us analyze four grounds we should analyze the Pentateuch.

1. God Inspired the Torah

The Pentateuch claims divine authorization. It frequently uses looks like “ the Lord said ” and “ God said. ” Likewise, the New Testament refers to the Pentateuch as Godhead ScriptureA­with words like “ It is written, ” “ God said, ” or “ Scripture says. ” The New Testament calls the Pentateuch “ inspired ” and “ utile ” ( 2 Tim 3:16 ) . It insists that the events in the Pentateuch happened and were recorded for us ( 1 Cor 10:6, 11 ) .

2. The Pentateuch helps us understand the remainder of the Old Testament.

The historical books are rooted in the Pentateuch. Samuel through Kings show that God promises and menaces in Deuteronomy were true in Israel ‘s history. As the jurisprudence foretold, obeisance brought security and prosperity. But noncompliance brought bondage and expatriate. Likewise, Chronicles echoes the Pentateuch ( Deut 30:1-3 ) . “ If my people, who are called by my name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and bend from their wicked ways, so will I hear from heaven and will forgive their wickedness and will mend their land ” ( 2 Chr 7:14 ) . We still fear God ‘s judgement for wickedness, but we can cleaving to the promise that God rewards penitence with Restoration.

The poetic books depend on the Pentateuch. The Psalms sing about creative activity, God ‘s Torahs, and hope for the Messiah. Proverbs, like Deuteronomy, teaches that honouring male parent and female parent tends toward success. The

The prophetic books reflect the jurisprudence ‘s menaces of judgement on those who break the compact ( Deut 29:20-21 ) . The Prophetss used the Pentateuch ‘s demands to explicate Israel ‘s guilt, failure, and penalty ( Mic 6:1-2 ) . The jurisprudence ‘s wages will be fulfilled in the joys of Eden, and its expletive in the tortures of snake pit.

3. The Pentateuch enables us to understand the New Testament

Without the Pentateuch, we would n’t acquire past Matthew 1:1 without wondering, “ Who is Abraham? ” Without Exodus, how could we cognize what it means for Jesus Christ to be “ the Lamb of God ” ( John 1:29, 35 ) and our “ Passover ” ( 1 Cor 5:7 ) ? Without Exodus and Leviticus, how could we understand Jesus ‘ function as priest? Or how could we understand our ain function as “ a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy state, a people belonging to God ( 1 Pet 2:9, californium. Exod 19:6 ) ? We appreciate half of the heroes of Hebrews 11, because the Pentateuch Tells us who they are.

4. The Law of the Pentateuch is fulfilled in the New Covenant.

Some think God made rough Torahs in the Old Testament, but converted to love and decorate in the New Testament. But God does n’t alter ( Num 23:19 ; Mal 3:6 ; Jas 1:17 ) . Jesus did non come to get rid of the jurisprudence but to carry through it ( Matt 5:17-19 ) . A Judaic instructor said the jurisprudence instructs us to love God and neighbours. Jesus told him, “ You are non far from the land of God ” ( Mark 12:34 ) . There is jurisprudence in God ‘s land. The New Testament teaches us four truths about the Old Testament jurisprudence.

Law is non over us. It is non a rough maestro who imposes his will on us. We have merely one Master, Jesus Christ, who is wholly sort and good.

Neither is jurisprudence a justice who accuses, and hands down a sentence of disapprobation on us. Who will convey any charge against those whom God has chosen? It is God who justifies us in Christ ( Rom. 8:33-34 ) . Neither jurisprudence nor anything else can reprobate those in Chirst. Paul teaches that Christ has cancelled the function of the jurisprudence as justice ( Col. 2:14 ) . Therefore, we should non allow anyone justice us by Torahs about feeding, imbibing, banquets, or even the Sabbath twenty-four hours ( Col. 2:16 ) . Law is non a justice over trusters.

Nor is jurisprudence a Savior, making down to raise us up. The early Church did non necessitate Gentiles to seek redemption through Circumcision and the jurisprudence of Moses ( Acts 15:5 ) . Rather the apostles rebuked the Judaizers, and affirmed that Jews and Gentiles are saved by grace ( Acts 15:11 ) .We are saved by Christ entirely, non Christ and Moses. Law is non a ladder we can mount to heaven. For no 1 will be declared righteous by maintaining the jurisprudence ( Rom. 3:20 ) . Law saves no 1, under the OT or the NT. But Paul emphasized being clothed with a righteousness that is non our own-the righteousness that comes through religion in Christ ( Phil. 3:9 ) .Thank God, jurisprudence is non over us-as a maestro, a justice, or a savior.

Law is non under us. Believers are non above the jurisprudence. We do non tread God ‘s Torahs under our pess, and live like rebels-as though jurisprudence does non use to Christians.

Some think God liked Torahs under the Old Testament. Yet they believe He converted to love and decorate for the New Testament. But God does n’t alter ( Num 23:19 ; Mal 3:6 ; Jas 1:17 ) ! Jesus rebuked instructors who debated little regulations, but ignored large Torahs -like “ justness, clemency and fidelity ” ( Matt 23:23, see Amos 5:15 ; Mic 6:8 ; Zech 7:9 ) . He said they strained out a gnat, but swallowed a camel.

There is jurisprudence in God ‘s land. For anarchy, disobeying the jurisprudence, is the kernel of wickedness ( 1 Jn. 3:4 ) . Paul reproofs those who use grace as a cloak to cover their wickednesss. These deceived people sin, claim transgressing gives God the chance to give more grace. But Paul says of such people, “ Their disapprobation is deserved ” ( Rom. 3:8 ) . In some states, authorities functionaries say they are above the jurisprudence, and that certain Torahs do non use to them. Likewise, some Christians falsely claim that they are above the law-that in grace, jurisprudence does non use to us. Theology calls this *antinomianismA­against the jurisprudence. At the concluding judgement, Jesus will state to all workers of anarchy ( Grecian: a-nomian ) “ Depart from me, I ne’er knew you ( Matt. 7:23 ) . Law is non something trusters treat with disdain, and measure on. Law is non beneath us.

Law is non behind us. It is non something we can disregard. Even though we are under the NT, this does non intend we have outgrown the jurisprudence. Jesus did non carry through the jurisprudence so we could turn our dorsums on it. We have non graduated from jurisprudence, as a pupil moves from one class to the following. Law is non outdated. It is non a thing of the past. As Hebrews says, the Old Covenant is disused and melting off ( Heb. 8:13 ) . We no longer sacrifice animate beings and depend on earthly priests. But jurisprudence is non disused. Paul practiced burying those things that were behind him ( Phil. ) . But he did non bury the jurisprudence, because it was non something the NT left behind ( Acts 22:3 ; 12:1-5 ; 24:14, 16 ; 25:8 ; 28:23 ) . So if God ‘s jurisprudence is neither over, under, or behind us- where is it?

Law is in us. Hallelujah! This is the promise foretold by Jeremiah, and underlined by the author of Hebrews ( Jer. 31:31-34 ; Heb. 8:10 ; 10:16 ) . Under the New Covenant God has written His Torahs in our Black Marias. Law was “ added ” to demo how iniquitous we were without Christ ( Rom 5:20 ; see besides Rom 3:19-21 ) . It served “ to take us to Christ that we might be justified by religion. ” But jurisprudence does more than demo us we were iniquitous. It teaches us what pleases and displeases our Father. As His kids, we delight to delight Him. In our interior being we love what His jurisprudence declares is right. We hate and abhor what His jurisprudence says is incorrect. God ‘s jurisprudence is in us, because the lawgiver is in us. And The righteous demands of the jurisprudence are to the full met in us, who do non populate harmonizing to the iniquitous nature but harmonizing to the Spirit ( Rom. 8:4 ) .

Is the jurisprudence of the OT the same as the jurisprudence of the NT? Yes and no. Yes, the jurisprudence of the OT and NT represents the regulation of God that we submit to and obey. But no, the jurisprudence of the NT does non necessitate obeying the missive of the OT law-such as carnal forfeits, physical Circumcision, earthly priests, decease by lapidating, or stiff regulations about banquets and the Sabbath. Rather, under the NT we fulfill the spirit of the jurisprudence by practising love.

Let no debt remain outstanding, except the go oning debt to love one another, for he who loves his fellowman has fulfilled the jurisprudence. i»?9i»? The commandments, “ Do non perpetrate criminal conversation, ” “ Do non slay, ” “ Do non steal, ” “ Do non covet, ” and whatever other commandment there may be, are summed up in this one regulation: “ Love your neighbour as yourself. ” i»?10i»? Love does no injury to its neighbour. Therefore love is the fulfilment of the jurisprudence ( Rom. 13:8-10 ) .

aˆ‚ ? Complete Fig. 1. ?


Questions to reply about Messianic prognostications in Ezekiel

Mt. 7:12

How did Jesus sum up the jurisprudence and Prophetss in one short sentence?

Mt. 22:37-40

Which 2 commandments sum up the kernel of the jurisprudence?

Rom. 13:8-10

How did Paul say we can carry through the jurisprudence?

Fig. 2. ? Guided pattern associating jurisprudence in the OT to jurisprudence in the NT

D. Five Themes of the Pentateuch[ 9 ]( Dale, delight write two short paragraphs on each of these, sum uping from Meeting the OT. In the first paragraphs explain the rule. In the 2nd, give illustrations ) .

1. God is Sovereign over all His creative activity.

2. History enables us to understand creative activity and cardinal events.

3. Worlds suffer from the effects of the autumn.

4. God reaches out in love to deliver fallen world.

5. Holiness is the merely right response to God ‘s love and grace.

2: Prologue: Creation of the Heavens and Earth ( Gen 1:1-2:3 )


Puting: Introduction to Genesis

Moses used the words the history of to get down 10 subdivisions in Genesis.[ 10 ]

aˆ‚ ? Complete Fig. 1. ?


10 Partss of Genesis



The history of _____________________________



The history of ________________________



The history of _____________________________



The history of _____________________________



The history of _____________________________



The history of _____________________________



The history of _____________________________



The history of _____________________________



The history of _____________________________



The history of _____________________________


Fig. 1. ? Guided pattern detecting 10 subdivisions in Genesis

A. People resist God ‘s Will

B. God Judges Sinners

C. God Continues to Fulfill His Volition

Adam and Eve disobey God

God expels them from Eden

God promises the Messiah ( Gen. 3:15 )

Cain slayings Abel

God curses Cain

God raises up Seth

Most of world becomes ungodly

God sends the inundation

God Chooses Noah

Terah worshipped other Gods in Ur of the Chaldees ( Josh. 24:2 )

God turns off from blessing Terah

God Chooses Abraham ( Gen. 12:3 )

Esau sells his birthright

God rejects Esau

God delivers Jacob, who builds the 12 folks

Joseph ‘s brothers sell him

God convicts the brothers

God delivers and exalts Joseph

Fig. 1. ? Three fold Pattern in Genesis

A. As Creator, God Deserves Worship

B. Light

C. Rest

Lesson 3: Adam and Eve ( Gen 2:4-3:21 )




Satan emphasizes what God forbids and ignores what God approves.

Gen. 3:1

Satan hides the consequences that sin will convey.

Gen. 3:4

Satan tempts us by blending good with immorality.

Gen. 3:4-6

Satan knows wickedness brings separation from God, judgement, and a expletive.

Gen. 3:8-19, 22-24

God provides a manner for us to return to Him and overcome wickedness.

Gen. 3:15, 21

Figure 8. ? aˆ?Five rules related to enticement ( Gen. 3:1-24 ) .

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