The Battle Of Uhud
In The Name Of ALLAH The Beneficent The Merciful
In this essay I will be looking at the underlying factors which led to the Battle of Uhud, the chief events which occurred, including my ain analysis every bit good as looking at the consequence of the conflict.
The Battle of Uhud was a follow up to the Battle of Badr, the gap clang between the Muslims and the heathens of Makkah. The Makkans had suffered a surprise loss against the Muslims with many Lords being killed. After this licking there was indignation in Makkah. There was a batch of force per unit area on Abu Sufyan now that he was leader of Quraish. Abu Sufyan had avoided demoing up at Badr, taking alternatively to salvage the train [ 1 ] . He was even under force per unit area in his ain place from his married woman, Hind, who had lost her male parent, uncle, brother and boy [ 2 ] at Badr. Her relations were killed by a combination of Hamzah and Ali [ 3 ] so she had an insatiate thirst for retaliation particularly against Hamzah as described subsequently.
To Abu Sufyan ‘s recognition, he showed a great desire for retaliation himself, plighting the full returns from the train in order to raise financess for another conflict against the Muslims. He managed to piece an ground forces of 3000 with 700 armoured with 3000 camels and 200 Equus caballuss. The ground forces marched towards Madinah geting at that place on 6th Shawwal 3 AH [ 4 ] [ 5 ] .
The Prophet ( SAW ) [ 6 ] was already cognizant of the menace holding received an pressing missive [ 7 ] from Makkah [ 8 ] . The Prophet ( SAW ) held a council of war the undermentioned forenoon. It was decided that the Muslims would travel out and run into the enemy. The Muslim ground forces consisted of 1000 work forces with merely 100 armoured and no horse. The ground forces reached a topographic point called Ash-Shaikhan where they camped for the dark.
The undermentioned forenoon, the Muslims had moved to within sight of the enemy. The dissemblers decided to return to Madinah led by Abdullah Bin Ubayy. 300 work forces withdrew and left the Muslims with 700. It is obvious the dissemblers did non wish to contend so this looks to be a carefully devised program by Abdullah and his followings in order to weaken the Muslims both in physical strength every bit good as their morale. The minute of backdown was intentionally chosen so near to the start of the conflict and within sight of the enemy so that they could see this happening and hence receive fresh encouragement [ 9 ] .
The Prophet ( SAW ) moved his ground forces once more and positioned them so that the enemy was between them and Madinah. This shows the unbelievable military leading of the Prophet ( SAW ) , holding arrived at the battleground after the enemy he took up a better place which would curtail the numerical advantage of the Makkans every bit good as being protected on all sides apart from one which would take the heathens to expose the Muslim rear [ 10 ] . To cover with this he placed 50 bowmans under the bid of Abdullah Bin Jabir on a mountain with expressed instructions non to resign the place no affair whether the Muslims were winning or losing.
The conflict began with the most fierce contending centering on the Bani Abdu-Dar who were charged by the Qurarish to be the standard carriers. Bani Abdu-Dar fought bravely with each household member picking up the criterion after the old one was slaughtered and until all 10 members of the household are dead [ 11 ] . Then their immense Abyssinian slave takes the criterion and continues to contend until he excessively is slain [ 12 ] . After this there was no 1 left to transport the criterion.
Hamzah, one of the heroes of Badr was once more contending courageously. It has already been mentioned that Hind wanted retaliation so she hired an Abyssinian slave called Wahshi, who was an expert in the usage of a javelin, to assassinate Hamzah in return for his freedom. Hamzah had merely killed his 3rd opposition, when Wahshi, who until that point had been concealing behind trees and stones seeking to acquire within scope of his mark, took purpose and struck Hamzah straight through the tummy. Wahshi so waited for Hamzah to decease before taking the javelin and so returned to the Quraish cantonment. However Hind was still non satisfied and after the conflict she mutilated his organic structure including cutting unfastened his tummy and taking a bite out of his liver [ 13 ] .
Despite the great loss of the uncle of the Prophet ( SAW ) , the Muslims pushed frontward and seized the advantage, the majority of the Quraish ground forces turning and flying with the Muslims in hot chase. The Muslims managed to bust the Quraish cantonment and started looting the loot. This should hold been the terminal of the conflict and another clear cut triumph for the Muslims.
Unfortunately, this is where the biggest contention of the Battle of Uhud occurs. The bowmans, who until now had managed to keep off the progress of the heathen horse, decided to fall in the loot and disobey the direct bid of the Prophet ( SAW ) as mentioned earlier. Abdullah Bin Jabir, repeatedly called his work forces to return to their stations but his calls fell on deaf ears as the bowmans continued towards the Quraish cantonment purpose on a portion of the spoils.
Khalid Bin Waleed had managed to maintain his work forces under control amidst the pandemonium environing them. Khalid was maintaining an oculus on the developments taking topographic point amongst the bowmans and was looking to work merely such an chance that had presented itself. It was at this minute Khalid made his move and pulled off a masterstroke. The staying bowmans were really valorous and determined to follow the Prophet ( SAW ) ‘s instructions down to the last missive. All of them became shaheed [ 14 ] whilst supporting the place given to them by the Prophet ( SAW ) . Khalid had attempted to draw of this tactic a few times before but was prevented by the bowmans but had eventually succeeded in making so due to the bowman ‘s forsaking of their occupied place.
This signalled a reversal in lucks for the Muslims. The majority of Quraish who had antecedently being flying, seeing the sudden developments, returned to conflict. The Muslims were trapped and under onslaught on two foreparts which led to mass confusion and panic even ensuing in Muslim killing Muslim albeit accidently [ 15 ] .
The Prophet ( SAW ) was left in an open and vulnerable place with merely a little group of Sahabah [ 16 ] with him and the balance of the ground forces excessively far for him to command [ 17 ] . The Prophet ( SAW ) was a brave adult male and tried to rectify the state of affairs by seting his ain life on the line. He called the Muslims towards him although the idolizers recognised his voice and were closer to him hence reached him foremost [ 18 ] . The conflict now centred on the Prophet ( SAW ) and this has to be the most hard seeking and proving minute of his life exceling the twenty-four hours of Taif [ 19 ] . More heathens left the chief conflict and charged towards the Prophet ( SAW ) . This little group of Sahabah performed many heroics in order to support their leader who they loved more than their ain lives. They were under terrible force per unit area but they fought fiercely. Many of them became shaheed. The Prophet ( SAW ) was pelted by rocks and standard hurts including broken lower fount dentitions.
After this there was a letup in the combat, while the Makkans were reorganizing, Abu Ubaidah used his dentitions to take the rings stuck in the Prophet ( SAW ) ‘s cheek interrupting his ain dentition in the procedure [ 20 ] . Ubayy Bin Khalf rode towards the Prophet ( SAW ) on horseback. The Prophet ( SAW ) told the Sahabah to let him to near. This adult male had a personal dual to settle with the Prophet ( SAW ) . The Sahabah moved out the manner, the Prophet ( SAW ) picked up a lance and launched it at him. It hit Ubayy between his clavicle and cervix and he fell of his Equus caballus and ran back to the Quraish cantonment [ 21 ] .
The combat resumed one time once more with greater strength and intent. The Prophet ( SAW ) had a human shield [ 22 ] protecting him from pointers [ 23 ] . Ibn Qamiah managed to strike him with his blade on the shoulder ensuing in the Prophet ( SAW ) falling behind in to a ditch dug as a trap by the enemy. Ibn Qamiah so raced back to declare the decease of the Prophet ( SAW ) .
The rumor spread rapidly. The chief ground forces of Muslims were heartbroken. Some fled to the mountains, some toward the desert, some toward Madinah while the remainder merely wanted to contend till the terminal. The Quraish so commit the same error as the Muslims, believing they had completed their aim they started looting after the loot. The Quraishi adult females so began mangling the organic structures of the deceased.
By now the bulk of the Muslim ground forces had dispersed. The Prophet ( SAW ) began to do a planned backdown with the staying Sahabah who were largely injured, some more terrible than others, were joined by another group of Muslims as they retreated to Mount Uhud. Khalid had spotted this backdown and raced after them with some of his work forces but was unable to catch them before they reached Uhud. Khalid realised the state of affairs was non in his favor as he was on horseback on cragged terrain. Khalid so informed Abu Sufyan who was looking for the organic structure of the Prophet ( SAW ) that he was up in the mountain. Abu Sufyan approached trusting that the rumor was still true, thereby had an interesting conversation with Omar [ 24 ] .
The Muslims started garnering at where the Prophet ( SAW ) was resting. The Muslim adult females [ 25 ] were be givening to the injured. Once the enemy had vacated the battleground the Muslims went to inspect the dead and wounded. The Janaazah [ 26 ] was performed. The Muslims returned to Madinah [ 27 ] .
The Muslims had lost 70 work forces whilst the idolizers had lost 22. The pagans spent the dark observing. Meanwhile, in Madinah, the Muslims were numbering their cicatrixs but on the orders of the Prophet ( SAW ) they went after the Quraish the undermentioned forenoon. Abu Sufyan was satisfied with the consequence and felt Badr had been avenged by Uhud. Even Hind was pleased. Khalid was one of those who wished to complete the Muslims while they were weakened and destroy Islam one time and for all. He believed they had achieved nil which was so right because the Prophet ( SAW ) and the most outstanding Sahabah were still alive and the Islamic State was still integral. Abu Sufyan feared the 300 who had withdrawn would return in the event of another conflict although the Prophet ( SAW ) merely asked those who had participated the old twenty-four hours to return. On hearing the intelligence of the nearing Muslim ground forces, the terror afflicted Quraish fled.
My sentiment is that the consequence of the conflict is a win for the Muslims albeit non as clear cut as the Battle of Badr. In packaging footings, it was a split determination to the Muslims. Although in footings of casualties it is agreed the Muslims suffered the heavier losingss but this is a superficial manner of looking at the consequence of the conflict. The best manner to judge the conflict is to look at the purposes and aims of both sides. Bringing such a big ground forces and holding spent such a big sum of money, my sentiment is the Quraish doubtless wished to kill the Prophet ( SAW ) , wipe out Islam wholly and destruct the Islamic State at Madinah. None of these were achieved. Before Abu Sufyan left the battleground he knew the Prophet ( SAW ) was alive, he chose non prosecute the Muslims up the mountain and chose non to bust Madinah. It must non be forgotten that Quraish ground forces was 3 times larger than the Muslims [ 28 ] and yet they merely managed to kill 70 Muslims and holding had the advantage they did non prehend it. It looked to be a comfy triumph for the Muslims. The turning point was surely the noncompliance of the bowmans and the great tactic of Khalid. A winning ground forces would non hold fled the undermentioned forenoon. There are many lessons to be learned from Uhud such as do non disobey the Prophet ( SAW ) . The Quran contains over 60 poetries sing Uhud [ 29 ] I would wish to stop with one such poetry:
“ Allah verily made good His promise to you when you routed them by His permission, until ( the minute ) when your bravery failed you, and you disagreed about the order and you disobeyed, after He had shown you that for which you long. Some of you desired the universe, and some of you desired the Hereafter. Therefore He made you flee from them, that He might seek you. Yet now He has forgiven you. Allah is a Lord of Kindness to trusters. “ [ 30 ]
Akkad, M. ( Director ) ( 1976 ) The Message [ Film ] Libya: Filmco International Productions
Akram, A.I. ( 2007 ) Khalid Bin Waleed Sword Of ALLAH Birmingham: Maktabah
Mubarakpuri, S.R. ( 2002 ) The Sealed Nectar London: Darussalam
Subhani, J. ( 2000 ) The Message Qum: Ansaryian Publications
Watt, W.M. ( 1961 ) Muhammad Prophet & A ; Statesman Oxford: Oxford University Press
[ 1 ] This train contained the belongings and wealth of the emigres who sacrificed everything to travel to Madinah. The train had safely made it to Syria and was on the return journey to Makkah.
[ 2 ] Besides Abu Sufyan ‘s boy
[ 3 ] Khalid Bin Waleed P:18
[ 4 ] Late March 625
[ 5 ] The Sealed Nectar P:294
[ 6 ] Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam = May the peace and approvals of ALLAH be upon him
[ 7 ] From his uncle Abbas who was a Muslim yet to declare his religion and still populating in Makkah.
[ 8 ] The Sealed Nectar P:293
[ 9 ] The Sealed Nectar P:298
[ 10 ] Khalid Bin Waleed P:23
[ 11 ] The Sealed Nectar P:306
[ 12 ] The Sealed Nectar P:307
[ 13 ] Khalid Bin Waleed P:39
[ 14 ] Martyrs
[ 15 ] Khalid Bin Waleed P:30
[ 16 ] Companions
[ 17 ] Khalid Bin Waleed P:32
[ 18 ] The Sealed Nectar P:313
[ 19 ] When the Prophet ( SAW ) went to Taif to prophesy Islam but was ridiculed by the heads and stoned by the town ‘s kids.
[ 20 ] The Sealed Nectar P:321
[ 21 ] When he came to Madinah to redeem his boy after Badr, he said he would kill the Prophet ( SAW ) but the Prophet ( SAW ) promised to kill him alternatively. Indeed the prognostication came true. It is reported the lesion was merely superficial nevertheless he was inexorable he would decease doing crazes among the heathens. He died after the conflict on the manner back to Makkah.
[ 22 ] Abu Dujanah
[ 23 ] Khalid Bin Waleed P:33
[ 24 ] AS: Is Mohammed among you? Is Abu Bakr among you? Is Omar among you? ( no response ) AS: These 3 are dead. They will problem us no more Oxygens: You lie O enemy of ALLAH! Those 3 are still alive and there are plenty of us left to penalize you badly! AS: May ALLAH protect you O boy of Khattab! Is Mohammed truly alive? Oxygen: By my Lord Yes! Even now he hears what you say AS: You are more true than Ibn Qamiah AS: Glory to Hubal! O [ now reiterating the words of the Prophet ( SAW ) ] : Glory Be To ALLAH! AS: We have Uzza. You have no Uzza O: Allah is our Lord. You have no Lord AS: This is our twenty-four hours for your twenty-four hours of Badr. It is equal Oxygen: they are non equal. Our dead are in Paradise while your dead are in the fire! AS: we shall run into once more at Badr following twelvemonth. O: You have our pledge. It is an assignment. AS: You will happen among your dead some who have been mutilated. I neither ordered this nor approved of it. Make non fault for this.
[ 25 ] Including the Prophet ( SAW ) ‘s girl Fatimah and his married woman Aisha
[ 26 ] Funeral Prayer
[ 27 ] The Sealed Nectar P:334
[ 28 ] 4x after backdown of dissemblers
[ 29 ] Chiefly in Surah Ali Imran
[ 30 ] 3:152