Transcendentalism was a literary motion in the first half of the nineteenth century. The philosophical theory contained such facets as introspection. the jubilation of individuality. and the belief that the cardinal truths existed outside of human experience. Fulfillment of this hunt for cognition came when 1 gained an acute consciousness of beauty and truth. and communicated with nature to happen brotherhood with the Over-Soul. When this occurred. one was cleansed of mercenary purposes. and was left with a sense of autonomy and pureness.
Two writers who were among the leaders of the motion were Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau. whose plants “Nature” . “Self-Reliance” . and “Walden” brought America to the head of the transcendentalist motion. Their thoughts opposed the popular materialist positions of life and voiced a desire for freedom of the person from unreal restraints. They felt that if they explored nature exhaustively. they would come to cognize themselves and the cosmopolitan truths better. The construct of transcendental philosophy is clearly expressed in the essay “Nature” . by Ralph Waldo Emerson.
Emerson was a leader in the motion of transcendental philosophy and the first American writer to act upon European idea. His essay “Nature” Tells of how one can derive insight and religious cleaning merely from sing nature. Emerson Tells of how “in the forests is ageless youth” and “in the forests we return to ground and religion. ” These lines exemplify the very ideals of transcendental philosophy. They show the deep roots a individual has in nature and how one can have cognition of their Over-Soul by candidly basking the out-of-doorss and liberating oneself of old immoralities.
In the undermentioned lines. Emerson comments: ”Standing on the bare ground- my caput bathed by the blithe air and uplifted into infinite space- all average self-importance vanishes. I become a crystalline orb: I am nil ; I see all ; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me ; I am portion or package of God. “These lines display the transcendentalist belief that pureness and cognition can be obtained from a brotherhood with and understanding of nature. Emerson besides relates the construct of transcendental philosophy to human life in his essay. “Self-Reliance.
” In this competently named essay. Emerson grapples with another portion of transcendental philosophy. the issue of “self-reliance. ” He sees mankind as somewhat of a coward ; that people ne’er express their true egos. Emerson claims that worlds are afraid to neglect ; they are pleased if successful. but are ne’er happy with where and what they are. He expresses transcendentalist ideals by stating that a true individual would be a non-conformist. Emerson puts this belief into words in the undermentioned lines: ”There is a clip in every adult male?
¦s instruction when he arrives at the strong belief that enviousness is ignorance ; that imitation is suicide ; that he must take himself for better. for worse. as his part? K. no meat of nurturing maize can come to him but through his labor? K. “These words are the prototype of the ideals of transcendentalism- that one must observe the person in order to happen himself one with the existence. Another important glance into the nucleus ideals of transcendental philosophy was made by the distinguished writer Henry David Thoreau.
Thoreau lived in the place of litterateur and philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson. His most esteemed and enjoyed work was the narrative. “Walden” . which gives a blunt statement of his grounds for encompassing a brooding and decidedly transcendentalist life populating on the shore of Walden Pond. In “Walden” . Thoreau explains why he chose the forests: ”I went to the forests because I wished to populate intentionally. to look merely the indispensable facts of life. and see if I could non larn what it had to learn. and non. when I came to decease. detect that I had non lived.
I did non wish to populate what was non life. life is so beloved ; nor did I wish to pattern surrender. unless it was rather necessary. “Thoreau himself was quoted as stating. “In wilderness is the saving of the universe. ” In “Walden” . the writer describes the central importance of nature in one? ¦s hunt of their psyche. Thoreau chose to populate in privacy because he believed purdah was the best comrade in order to cognize one? ¦s ain ego. In the essay. he felt that world cared excessively profoundly for material ownerships ; “simplify! ” he implored.
Thoreau claimed that worlds were “ruined by luxury and heedless expense” and that success is gained when one “advances confidently in the way of his dreams” . Thoreau stressed the importance of the person. stating “If a adult male does non maintain gait with his comrades. possibly it is because he hears a different drummer. ” His thoughts were the foundation of transcendentalism- individuality. cognition of nature. and the disposal of material properties. Transcendentalism was one of the most of import motions of the nineteenth century.
The theory embodied ideals that. if taken to bosom. had the possible to make a better apprehension of the psyche. If a individual could link their single psyche with the existence. they could carry through their potency in life. One achieved this through many different ways. ways that are explained and discussed in the three aforementioned plants. Transcendentalism was a cardinal motion that was everlastingly immortalized by advanced and intuitive writers and plants of literature.