We may hold inquiries like ; why do we hold similar histories of Jesus in four different Gospels. Did they copy each others work about the life and plants of Jesus? Why four Gospels? In this essay we shall analyze why we have four Gospels and what the chief subjects and focal points of each of the Gospels and relation to each other.
After Malachi, there was no message from God for four hundred old ages. Then Jesus Christ came to human history. In his head of Judaic audience, Matthew portrayed Jesus as the Messiah, the Christ prophesised in the Old Testament.
In this respects, Matthew ‘s Gospel seems the Gospel as associating the Old and New Testaments. Matthew high spots that the christ foretold has been fulfilled.[ 1 ]
The chief subject or intent of Matthew was to demo Jesus as King of the promised land, and to demo that the Lord of Christian was the Messiah of the Jew. Matthew stresses on Jesus ‘ fulfillment of the jurisprudence and of messianic prognostication in the OT.[ 2 ]And there are many mentions to the fulfillment of Old Testament prognostication. All subjects in the Old Testament point to one individual, Jesus Christ, the Messiah who is the King of the promised land.[ 3 ]
In the Sermon on the Mount, the cardinal message is the land of God, and it is found in ‘Lord ‘s Prayer ‘ . In Matthew 13, Jesus teaches the land of God in fables. In fact, Jesus ‘ first message was the land of Eden.[ 4 ]
Matthew states Jesus ‘ prophetic message of the new land. This is Christ ‘s descriptions of the terminal of this age, prior to the constitution of his land on Earth.[ 5 ]Finally Jesus non merely prophesied his decease and Resurrection. Jesus ‘ Resurrection was the supreme hallmark of the kingship of Christ.[ 6 ]Jesus as the male monarch proclaims, ‘all authorization has been given to me in Eden and on Earth ‘ ( Mt.28:18 ) .
The name ‘Mark ‘ is in Greek, Markos, from the Latin, Markus. His parents gave him Hebrew name John. But his Hebrew name is ne’er used in the epistles, and it means that he lived among the Romans ( Gentiles ) .[ 7 ]
Mark ‘s Gospel was written for Gentile readers in general and Roman laypersons. Jesus was described more by action and power than by discourse and duologue. If he wrote the book in Rome, the readers were no uncertainty occupants of that metropolis.[ 8 ]
With the Roman head Mark stressed the actions, non so much words. Mark tries to demo Christ as the active retainer ; ‘for even the Son of Man did non come to be served, but to function, and to give his life a ransom for many ( 10:45 ) . This servant description of Jesus is portrayed by Mark. To the accent on Jesus as the Son of God Mark adds Jesus ‘ self-interpretation of his mission in footings of the Servant construct.[ 9 ]
Luke dedicates his work to Theophilus, possibly recent convert and he focuses on Gentiles, likely God-fearers who renounced devotion and immorality and attended Judaic temples.[ 10 ]Luke ‘s chief concern is to set up the spiritual piousness, moral pureness and political artlessness of Jesus and his followings.[ 11 ]And he besides shows that the Gospel is cosmopolitan, that is, Jesus has broken down the barrier between Jews and Gentiles, and between slaves and free and between work forces and adult females.[ 12 ]Luke besides pay attending to adult females: Mary, Elizabeth, and Anna, the widow of Nain, the adult females who supported Jesus financially ( 8:1-3 ) , the immoral adult female ( 7:36-50 ) , Mary and Martha ( 10:38-42 ) , the hapless widow, and so on, whereas Matthew focuses on Jesus as male monarch and land.[ 13 ]For this ground, Luke quotes Isaiah 40, ‘all flesh shall see the redemption of God ‘ ( 3:6 ) . In order to underscore that Jesus is for everyone, Luke writes Jesus ‘ family tree traveling back, non merely to Abraham, male parent of the Judaic state, but to Adam, the male parent of the whole human race, and to God himself ( 3:23-38 ) .
Luke promotes Christianity in the Greco-Roman universe at big, stating that Jesus is ‘a lightaˆ¦ to the Gentiles ‘ ( 2:32 ) . Luke besides includes non merely Gentiles, but besides societal castawaies, such as the immoral adult female who anointed Jesus ‘ pess ( 7:36-50 ) , Zacchaeus the revenue enhancement aggregator ( 19:1-10 ) , Samaritans, and hapless people.
Luke describes Jesus as a adult male of supplication on legion occasions ( 3:21 ; 5:16 ; 6:12 ; 9:18 ; 28-29 ; 10:21 ; 11:1 ; 22:29-46 ; 23:34,46 ; 11:5-13 ; 18:1-8: fable of supplication ) . These mentions to Jesus ‘ supplications are typical of Luke ‘s Gospel.
The work of the Holy Spirit is mentioned often Luke: John the Baptist was to be filled with the Holy Spirit even from his female parent ‘s uterus ( 1:15 ) ; Mary giving birth to Jesus ( 1:35 ) ; Mary sing Elizabeth ( 1:41-42 ) ; calling John the Baptist ( 1:67 ) ; on Simeon ( 2:25-27 ) ; Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit and led by the Spirit ( 4:1 ) ; after enticement ( 4:14 ) . After 72 adherents mission ( 10:21 ; 24:49 ) . Luke states that all the successful progress of the Gospel was carried by the power of the Holy Spirit.
The author of the 4th Gospel claims to hold been an eyewitness of Jesus ‘ ministry ( 1:14 ; 19:35 ; 21:24-25 ) , and he uses simple manner of authorship, theologically profound, though.[ 14 ]He shows his accurate cognition of Judaic imposts ( e.g. water-pouring and light by candelabrum during the festival of Tabernacles and Palestinian topographic point and the paved country outside the Praetorium ) .[ 15 ]
John emphasizes the Judean ministry of Jesus and mostly omits fables and the subject of God ‘s land.[ 16 ]He presents theological subjects such as ‘born once more ‘ ; visible radiation ; life ; love truth ; and word of God. These recur at intervals throughout the book.[ 17 ]Jesus came to give ageless life ( 3:15,16, 6:47 ) . John describes Jesus as the ‘bread of life ‘ ( 6:35 ) . Similarly the thought of light recurs in 7:12 where Jesus healed the unsighted adult male. There are more illustrations of the light subject. Subject of love is less dominant, though Father ‘s love of the Son is stressed as his love is showed towards work forces. The whole mission of Jesus is based on the love of God.[ 18 ]John besides stresses a Gospel of believing:
Many other marks therefore Jesus besides performed in the presence of his adherents, which are non written in this book ; but these have been written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God ; and that believing you many have life in his name ( 20:30-31 ) .
This believing high spots the divinity of Jesus as the alone and pre-existence of Son of God who in obeisance to his Father became a existent human being to decease sacrificially for the redemption of other human existences. Such an accent went against the denial of his humanity and decease by Gnostics.[ 19 ]
2. Complete Picture of Jesus Christ in the Four Gospels
Why Four Evangels?
The life of Jesus is written in four Gospels, composed by four different writers at different times. Why do we hold four Gospels? Gundry gives a ground why we have four Gospels instead than one. For illustration, Luke gives a ground to compose his Gospel to convert Theophilus of the Gospel.[ 20 ]
Jensen gives us more clear image of the ground why we have four Gospels. He says that four different portrayals of Jesus are found in different angles, with different background. And Jesus ‘ miracles and instructions can besides be mentioned by each writer in the same manner.[ 21 ]Jensen besides points out that since there were different audiences, different communicating is another of import ground for four Gospels. In the first century three major cultural groups were the Jews, Romans and Greeks. Matthew, Mark and Luke wrote their Gospels with different cultural groups severally in head. John, nevertheless, touches all civilizations and has the cosmopolitan church in head.[ 22 ]
And eventually each Gospel is a complement to the other three. For illustration, if any instruction is ill-defined or uncomplete in one Gospel, it is clarified by the other three.[ 23 ]
We have looked at the chief subjects and focal points of each of the four Gospels. We have seen Matthew ‘s subjects are different from the other three, since each Gospel author had a specific audience in head when he wrote his peculiar history of Jesus. As mentioned above each Gospel is a complement to each other to do audience clear understands of Jesus ministry.